Experience and lessons from surveillance and studies of the 2009 pandemic in Europe.


Surveillance and studies in a pandemic is a complex topic including four distinct components: (1) early detection and investigation; (2) comprehensive early assessment; (3) monitoring; and (4) rapid investigation of the effectiveness and impact of countermeasures, including monitoring the safety of pharmaceutical countermeasures. In the 2009 pandemic, the… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2009.12.001

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