Expectations, education, and opportunity

  title={Expectations, education, and opportunity},
  author={Jason Matthew DeBacker and Philip Wesley Routon},
Children from households with lower levels of income, wealth, and parental education are less likely to attain high school and college degrees. However, our findings do not support the hypothesis that these outcomes are driven by a “culture of despair,” where children are low-achieving because they are expected to underachieve. Instead, we find that parents in disadvantaged households are actually more optimistic than parents from advantaged households. That is, these parents have expectations… CONTINUE READING