Expectation versus reality: a device to illustrate anticipated and perceived pain from amniocentesis.


Amniocentesis often provokes anxiety in patients. After the procedure, most women report that the pain perceived during amniocentesis is minimal; however, it can be difficult to counsel anxious patients to relieve their anxiety prior to undergoing the procedure [1,2]. We describe a device based on a visual analog scale (VAS) that was developed to illustrate… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2008.01.016


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