Expectation states theory.

@inproceedings{Correll2006ExpectationST,
  title={Expectation states theory.},
  author={Shelley J. Correll and Cecilia L. Ridgeway},
  year={2006}
}
Expectation states theory is, in many ways, a textbook example of a theoretical research program. It is deductive, programmatic, formalized mathematically, cumulative, precise, and predictive; and its propositions have been subjected to rigorous evaluation. More importantly, however, it is a theory that illuminates core issues in social psychology and sociology more broadly. It is fundamentally a “macro-micro-macro” explanation about one way that categorical inequality is reproduced in society… 
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