Expectancy Effects on Behavior Depend on Self-Regulatory Thought

@article{Oettingen2000ExpectancyEO,
  title={Expectancy Effects on Behavior Depend on Self-Regulatory Thought},
  author={G. Oettingen},
  journal={Social Cognition},
  year={2000},
  volume={18},
  pages={101-129}
}
Expectancy effects on behavior depend on whether relevant expectations are activated and used. When people contrast their fantasies about a positive future with negative aspects of impeding reality, a necessity to act is experienced that leads to the activation and use of expectations. When people only fantasize about a positive future or only ruminate about impeding reality, no necessity to act is experienced and expectations fail to be activated and used. In two experiments with different… Expand

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