Expanding the Capabilities of General-Purpose VNAs for Frequency Translating Device Characterization Below 10 MHz


In this paper, the authors report on a useful technique for accurately characterizing frequency translating devices below the 10-MHz starting frequency point of general-purpose vector network analyzers (VNAs). A procedure based on a four reciprocal mixers setup is proposed here to overcome this physical boundary. The complete system setup and measurement… (More)

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