Expanding retrieval practice promotes short-term retention, but equally spaced retrieval enhances long-term retention.

  title={Expanding retrieval practice promotes short-term retention, but equally spaced retrieval enhances long-term retention.},
  author={Jeffrey D. Karpicke and Henry L. Roediger},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition},
  volume={33 4},
Expanding retrieval practice (T. K. Landauer & R. A. Bjork, 1978) is regarded as a superior technique for promoting long-term retention relative to equally spaced retrieval practice. In Experiments 1 and 2, the authors found that expanding retrieval practice of vocabulary word pairs produced short-term benefits 10 min after learning, conceptually replicating Landauer and Bjork's results. However, equally spaced retrieval produced superior retention 2 days later. This pattern occurred both with… 

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Expanding Retrieval Promotes Long Term Retention by Preventing Rapid Rates of Forgetting
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Expanded vs. Equal Interval Spaced Retrieval Practice: Exploring Different Schedules of Spacing and Retention Interval in Younger and Older Adults
  • J. Logan, D. Balota
  • Psychology
    Neuropsychology, development, and cognition. Section B, Aging, neuropsychology and cognition
  • 2008
Although there were no robust advantages for expanded retrieval compared to equal interval practice, there could be certain advantages to using expanded retrieval depending on the ultimate goals of an individual memory training program.
The influence of retrieval on retention
The results reject the hypothesis that a successful retrieval is beneficial only to the extent that it provides another study experience, as performing a memory retrieval (TTST condition) led to better performance than pure study (pure ST condition).
Does expanded retrieval produce benefits over equal-interval spacing? Explorations of spacing effects in healthy aging and early stage Alzheimer's disease.
Three experiments explored different schedules of retrieval practice in young adults, older adults, and individuals with dementia of the Alzheimer type, finding no evidence of a difference between expanded and equal-interval conditions in final cued recall.
Effect of spacing presentations on retention of a paired associate over short intervals.
3 experiments varying the interval between 2 presentations of paired associates were reported, in which cue learning was the major factor influencing recall at longer retention intervals, while a 2nd factor was confounded with cue learning at short retention intervals.
Memory-monitoring accuracy as influenced by the distribution of retrieval practice
An experiment was done to determine whether retrieval practice improved judgment-of-learning (JOL) accuracy when degree of learning was controlled. Fifty undergraduate students were asked to learn a
Retrieval practice and the maintenance of knowledge.
A critical aspect of the maintenance of knowledge is maintaining access to that knowledge in memory. The key to maintaining such access is to use that information: The act retrieving an item from
Learning from tests: Effects of spacing
The role of rehearsal in short-term memory
Age-related differences in the impact of spacing, lag, and retention interval.
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