Expanding habitat of the imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta): a public health concern.

  title={Expanding habitat of the imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta): a public health concern.},
  author={Stephen F. Kemp and Richard D. deShazo and John E. Moffitt and D. F. Williams and W A Buhner},
  journal={The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology},
  volume={105 4},
Residents in the southeastern United States would hardly describe life with the aggressive imported fire ant as peaceful coexistence. The continued spread of these insects has produced agricultural problems, changes in the ecosystem, and increasing numbers of subjects with sting sequelae, including hypersensitivity reactions, secondary infections, and rare neurologic sequelae. Evolutionary changes have facilitated their expansion northward into Virginia and westward into California, and… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Imported Fire Ant: The US Experience

Immunotherapy with IFA whole-body extract is safe and effective and conventional and rush schedules have been utilized to achieve maintenance therapy doses similar to therapy seen with the flying Hymenoptera.

Establishment and Social Impacts of the Red Imported Fire Ant, Solenopsis invicta, (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Taiwan

RIFA is well adapted to the environmental conditions in Taiwan, which makes it extremely difficult (if not impossible) to eradicate, and the management of RIFA in the future should focus on lowering the speed of spread to mitigate possible dangers to the inhabitants.

Stinging ants

  • R. Rhoades
  • Biology
    Current opinion in allergy and clinical immunology
  • 2001
With the exception of the Bulldog Ant of Australia, direct toxic effects are not a lethal threat to man, and human fatalities and morbidity are related to secondary infections of excoriated stings or allergic anaphylaxis.

Emergence of the Introduced Ant Pachycondyla chinensis (Formicidae: Ponerinae) as a Public Health Threat in the Southeastern United States

Pachycondyla chinensis represents an emerging public health threat throughout its present range in the southeastern United States and because of reported adverse reactions to stings of P. chinensis, further studies on its ecology and medical and veterinary importance need to be undertaken.

Safety Considerations for Handling Imported Fire Ants (Solenopsis Spp.) in the Laboratory and Field

All workers who are exposed to imported fire ants should be familiar with the symptoms of anaphylaxis and be prepared to seek immediate medical assistance if they or their coworkers are stung and show symptoms of hypersensitivity.

Mitigating the allergic effects of fire ant envenomation with biologically based population reduction

Specific, self-sustaining biological control agents have been discovered, studied, and released into fire ant populations in the United States in an effort to re-establish an ecological/competitive balance, resulting in reduced fire ant densities and human exposure.

Fire Ant, a New Hazard to Military Camps in Taiwan

Information is provided for military personnel on how to avoid this hazard and on the appropriate treatment for ant sting, because military personnel have many routine duties outdoors, their chance of coming into contact with red imported fire ants in infested areas is greater than that of urban citizens.

Arthropod Envenomation in North America.

Prevalence of Solenopsis invicta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Venom Allergic Reactions in Mainland China

It is found that the most important reason for the high frequency of stings of people by the red imported fire ant is the pest's wide and rapidly expanding distribution in 4 provinces of southern mainland China.



Reactions to the stings of the imported fire ant.

Two recent evolutionary changes in the ants may make the expansion of their geographical range more likely and result in increasing numbers of persons with hypersensitivity reactions, secondary infections, and neurologic sequelae.

Fire Ant Attacks on Residents in Health Care Facilities: A Report of Two Cases

With the increase in fire ant density and the ants' propensity to attack farm animals during times of food scarcity, reports of fire ant attacks on humans who come in direct contact with mounds came as no surprise (13).

Insect Life: Invasion of the Red Imported Fire Ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

The red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren, hereafter referred to as the imported fire ant , has received much press coverage since its introduction into the United States approximately 75

Biology and control of imported fire ants.

The purpose here is to review this research, although because of space limitations, much of the recent work concerning the chemical toxicology and persistence of mirex, the chemical currently used for control of imported fire ants.

Fire ants: a continuing community health threat in South Carolina.

Imported fire ants are now firmly established in all 46 counties of South Carolina and patients in recently infested areas seem to be more likely to seek treatment since they are relatively unfamiliar with the multiple, painful IFA stings and pustules.

Multiple fire ant stings indoors.

Physicians should become familiar with the biology of these insects to assist patients in dealing with this problem and report two cases where individuals were stung indoors by imported fire ants.

Multiple stings by imported fire ants (Solenopsis invicta), without systemic effects.

This is the first case report of imported fire ants invading a building and aggressively attacking a human being, resulting in multiple stings. This case illustrates that, although the venom has a

Symposium on Imported Fire Ants: The Development of Toxic Baits for the Control of the Imported Fire Ant

The red imported fire ant (RIFA) was introduced into the United States at Mobile, Alabama, about 40 to 60 years ago and spread rapidly from this initial port of entry and now infest all or parts of 9 states and Puerto Rico.

Fire Ants and Their Management.

(Buren), is an introduced species that arrived in Mobile, Alabama from South America around the 1920s. This species has had an enormous impact in the southeastern United States, and continues to