Expanding Radical SAM Chemistry by Using Radical Addition Reactions and SAM Analogues.

Abstract

Radical S-adenosyl-l-methionine (SAM) enzymes utilize a [4Fe-4S] cluster to bind SAM and reductively cleave its carbon-sulfur bond to produce a highly reactive 5'-deoxyadenosyl (dAdo) radical. In almost all cases, the dAdo radical abstracts a hydrogen atom from the substrates or from enzymes, thereby initiating a highly diverse array of reactions. Herein, we report a change of the dAdo radical-based chemistry from hydrogen abstraction to radical addition in the reaction of the radical SAM enzyme NosL. This change was achieved by using a substrate analogue containing an olefin moiety. We also showed that two SAM analogues containing different nucleoside functionalities initiate the radical-based reactions with high efficiencies. The radical adduct with the olefin produced in the reaction was found to undergo two divergent reactions, and the mechanistic insights into this process were investigated in detail. Our study demonstrates a promising strategy in expanding radical SAM chemistry, providing an effective way to access nucleoside-containing compounds by using radical SAM-dependent reactions.

DOI: 10.1002/anie.201605917

Cite this paper

@article{Ji2016ExpandingRS, title={Expanding Radical SAM Chemistry by Using Radical Addition Reactions and SAM Analogues.}, author={Xinjian Ji and Yongzhen Li and Liqi Xie and Haojie Lu and Wei Ding and Qi S. Zhang}, journal={Angewandte Chemie}, year={2016}, volume={55 39}, pages={11845-8} }