Expanded endonasal approach: the rostrocaudal axis. Part II. Posterior clinoids to the foramen magnum.

@article{Kassam2005ExpandedEA,
  title={Expanded endonasal approach: the rostrocaudal axis. Part II. Posterior clinoids to the foramen magnum.},
  author={Amin Kassam and Carl H. Snyderman and Arlan H. Mintz and Paul A. Gardner and Ricardo L Carrau},
  journal={Neurosurgical focus},
  year={2005},
  volume={19 1},
  pages={E4}
}
OBJECT Transsphenoidal approaches have been used for a century for the resection of pituitary and other sellar tumors. Recently, however, the standard endonasal approach has been expanded to provide access to other parasellar lesions. With the addition of the endoscope, this expansion has significant potential for the resection of skull base lesions. METHODS The anatomical landmarks and surgical techniques used in expanded (extended) endoscopic approaches to the clivus and cervicomedullary… CONTINUE READING