Expanded Porphyrin-Anion Supramolecular Assemblies: Environmentally Responsive Sensors for Organic Solvents and Anions.

Abstract

Porphyrins have been used frequently to construct supramolecular assemblies. In contrast, noncovalent ensembles derived from expanded porphyrins, larger congeners of naturally occurring tetrapyrrole macrocycles, are all but unknown. Here we report a series of expanded porphyrin-anion supramolecular assemblies. These systems display unique environmentally responsive behavior. Addition of polar organic solvents or common anions to the ensembles leads to either a visible color change, a change in the fluorescence emission features, or differences in solubility. The actual response, which could be followed easily by the naked eye, was found to depend on the specifics of the assembly, as well as the choice of analyte. Using the ensembles of this study, it proved possible to differentiate between common solvents, such as diethyl ether, THF, ethyl acetate, acetone, alcohol, acetonitrile, DMF, and DMSO, identify complex solvent systems, as well as distinguish between the fluoride, chloride, bromide, nitrate, and sulfate anions.

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b03131

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Cite this paper

@article{Zhang2015ExpandedPS, title={Expanded Porphyrin-Anion Supramolecular Assemblies: Environmentally Responsive Sensors for Organic Solvents and Anions.}, author={Zhan Zhang and Dong Sub Kim and Chung-Yon Lin and Huacheng Zhang and Aaron David Lammer and Vincent M. Lynch and Ilya A Popov and Ognjen {\vS} Miljani{\'c} and Eric V Anslyn and Jonathan L Sessler}, journal={Journal of the American Chemical Society}, year={2015}, volume={137 24}, pages={7769-74} }