Exotic mammal diagnostic endoscopy and endosurgery.

  title={Exotic mammal diagnostic endoscopy and endosurgery.},
  author={Stephen John Divers},
  journal={The veterinary clinics of North America. Exotic animal practice},
  volume={13 2},
Despite the extensive use of endoscopy in avian and domestic animal practice, inclusion of exotic mammals (rabbits, rodents, ferrets, and so forth) in the endoscopist's case load is a much more recent phenomenon. Initially used as a means for the detailed evaluation of the oral cavity, rigid endoscopy has also become invaluable for the evaluation of the nasal cavity, urogenital tract, and increasingly for laparoscopic procedures. This article summarizes the most common procedures used by the… CONTINUE READING