Exercise therapy for functional capacity in chronic diseases: an overview of meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials

  title={Exercise therapy for functional capacity in chronic diseases: an overview of meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials},
  author={Tero Pasanen and Samppa Tolvanen and Ari Heinonen and Urho M. Kujala},
  journal={British Journal of Sports Medicine},
  pages={1459 - 1465}
Objective To summarise all meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials that have evaluated the effects of exercise therapy on functional capacity in patients with chronic diseases. Design Umbrella review of meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials. Data sources We systematically searched the CENTRAL, CINAHL, DARE, Medline, OTSeeker, PEDro, SPORTDiscus, ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Database, Web of Science, Scopus, OpenGrey and BMC Proceedings from database inception to 1 September… 

Summary of the Effects of Exercise Therapy in Non-Communicable Diseases: Clinically Relevant Evidence from Meta-Analyses of Randomized Controlled Trials

There is strong evidence that exercise therapy leads to better measured and self-reported physical fitness and function in patients with chronic diseases, along with improvements in body composition.

Evidence of chronic stroke rehabilitation interventions in activities and participation outcomes: systematic review of meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials.

The findings of this study show a clear need for high quality RCTs examining the effectiveness of rehabilitation interventions addressing activities and participation, including not only motor functioning but also the ability to participate in everyday life activities.

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Despite the range of interventions available for stroke rehabilitation in subacute phase, there is lack of high-quality evidence in meta-analyses, highlighting the need of further research reporting ADL outcomes.

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Physical fitness training can be effective for vulnerable older adults, although lower frequencies and intensities are also beneficial, and exercise characteristics from current existing guidelines are widely applicable.

Clinical Evidence of Tai Chi Exercise Prescriptions: A Systematic Review

Further clinical research on Tai Chi should be combined with principles of exercise prescription to conduct large-sample epidemiological studies and long-term prospective follow-up studies to provide more substantive clinical evidence for Tai Chi exercise prescriptions.

Muscle Strength and Aerobic Capacity in HIV-Infected Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Muscle strength and aerobic capacity of HIV-infected patients are reduced in comparison with healthy controls and additional studies are needed to define the best interventions to improve the physical function in HIV- Infected patients.

Assessing the reporting quality of physical activity programs in randomized controlled trials for the management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis using three standardized assessment tools

The lack of complete reporting of PA programs in RCTs for the management of JIA and the variation in scores and assessed elements among standardized assessment tools show the need to improve reporting.

European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science-2501-1235

Examination of published literature shows that association between area-level socioeconomic disadvantage and multimorbidity exist, and except for area of residence, clear positive associations were confirmed between area deprivation and multimOrbidity.

Effectiveness of physical activity promotion and exercise referral in primary care: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

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The effects of resistance exercise in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials suggested that resistance exercise training relieved pain, alleviated stiffness, and improving physical function in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Evidence for exercise therapy in the treatment of chronic disease based on at least three randomized controlled trials – summary of published systematic reviews

  • U. Kujala
  • Medicine
    Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports
  • 2004
Current evidence that is based on a systematic review including data from at least three RCTs with contrast for exercise only is summarized, finding that aerobic capacity and muscular strength of patients can be improved without causing detrimental effects on disease progression.

Community-based Exercise Programs as a Strategy to Optimize Function in Chronic Disease: A Systematic Review

CBE programs across chronic disease populations have similar structures and appear superior to standard care with respect to optimizing FC and HRQL in individuals with osteoarthritis; however, the effect beyond this population is unknown.

Effects of exercise on breast cancer patients and survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Exercise is an effective intervention to improve quality of life, cardiorespiratory fitness, physical functioning and fatigue in breast cancer patients and survivors and larger trials that examine the long-term benefits of exercise are needed for this patient group.

Rehabilitation for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

COPD patients who receive rehabilitation have a better exercise capacity and they experience less shortness of breath than patients who do not receive rehabilitation.

Dance therapy in patients with chronic heart failure: a systematic review and a meta-analysis

Dance therapy may improve peak VO2 and HRQOL in patients with chronic heart failure and could be considered for inclusion in cardiac rehabilitation programmes.

Impact of Resistance Training in Subjects With COPD: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Resistance training can be successfully performed alone or in conjunction with endurance training without increased adverse events during pulmonary rehabilitation in COPD.

Physical activity for cancer survivors: meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

When patients with cancer other than breast cancer were also included, physical activity was associated with reduced BMI and body weight, increased peak oxygen consumption and peak power output, and improved quality of life.

Exercise Training for Management of Peripheral Arterial Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Exercise training improves cardio-respiratory fitness, pain-free and total flat-ground walking distances, as well as graded treadmill performance in PAD and clarified what types of exercise prescription would provide patients with most benefit.