Exercise improves behavioral, neurocognitive, and scholastic performance in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

@article{Pontifex2013ExerciseIB,
  title={Exercise improves behavioral, neurocognitive, and scholastic performance in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.},
  author={Matthew B. Pontifex and Brian J. Saliba and Lauren B. Raine and Daniel L Picchietti and Charles H. Hillman},
  journal={The Journal of pediatrics},
  year={2013},
  volume={162 3},
  pages={
          543-51
        }
}
OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of a single bout of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise on preadolescent children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using objective measures of attention, brain neurophysiology, and academic performance. STUDY DESIGN Using a within-participants design, task performance and event-related brain potentials were assessed while participants performed an attentional-control task following a bout of exercise or seated reading during 2 separate… Expand
Acute Exercise Effects on Measures of Attention and Impulsivity in Children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
This study examined the effect of a single bout of exercise on measures of attention and impulsivity in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Children with ADHD (n = 21, 11.3Expand
The effect of acute exercise on cognitive performance in children with and without ADHD
Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood disorder that affects approximately 11% of children in the United States. Research supports that a single session ofExpand
Attention Improves During Physical Exercise in Individuals With ADHD
TLDR
A possibly hypoactive attentional system in ADHD that could potentially be enhanced by arousal through engagement in physical exercise is suggested. Expand
Effects of Acute Aerobic Exercise on Response Inhibition in Adult Patients with ADHD
TLDR
In ADHD patients, exercise-related increases in brain activation and behavioral task performance are negatively correlated with correct inhibition rate in the control condition, indicating that the lack of improvements on the behavioral level for the whole patient group could be due to ceiling effects. Expand
Acute Effects of Aerobic Exercise on Executive Function and Attention in Adult Patients With ADHD
TLDR
Exercise-induced improvements in attention and processing speed in patients with ADHD are indicated, demonstrating that adult patientswith ADHD may benefit from an acute bout of exercise. Expand
Neuroelectric and Behavioral Effects of Acute Exercise on Task Switching in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
TLDR
The results revealed that following exercise, children with ADHD exhibited smaller global switch costs in RT compared with after control sessions, and suggest that single bouts of moderate intensity aerobic exercise may have positive effects on the working memory ofChildren with ADHD. Expand
Effects of Acute Exercise on Resting EEG in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
  • Chung-Ju Huang, Ching-Wen Huang, +4 authors T. Hung
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Child psychiatry and human development
  • 2018
TLDR
It is suggested that acute exercise normalizes arousal and alertness of children with ADHD, as reflected in resting EEG readings. Expand
Acute Physical Activity Enhances Executive Functions in Children with ADHD
TLDR
It is suggested that acute physical activity utilizing exergaming has the potential to improve specific aspects of executive functions (reaction times in inhibition and switching) in children with ADHD. Expand
Dose-Response Effects of Acute Aerobic Exercise Intensity on Inhibitory Control in Children With Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
TLDR
It is suggested that children with ADHD have better inhibitory control following both low- and moderate-intensity exercises relative to vigorous aerobic exercise, which could be characterized by an optimal state of cortical arousal. Expand
Acute exercise is associated with specific executive functions in college students with ADHD: A preliminary study
Abstract Purpose The relationship between acute exercise and executive functions in college students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has not been clearly established. The purposeExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 104 REFERENCES
The effects of exercise on children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
TLDR
Preliminary findings are sufficiently positive to encourage additional study to determine whether a session of vigorous exercise has efficacy as a dopaminergic adjuvant in the management of behavioral features of ADHD. Expand
Exercise impact on sustained attention of ADHD children, methylphenidate effects
TLDR
The results suggest that children’s attention deficits can be minimized through PA irrespective of treatment with MTP and additional studies are necessary to confirm that exercise mitigates the harmful symptoms of ADHD. Expand
The effect of acute treadmill walking on cognitive control and academic achievement in preadolescent children
TLDR
It is indicated that single, acute bouts of moderately-intense aerobic exercise (i.e. walking) may improve the cognitive control of attention in preadolescent children, and further support the use of moderate acute exercise as a contributing factor for increasing attention and academic performance. Expand
Perceptual and response interference in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and the effects of methylphenidate.
TLDR
The conclusion that methylphenidate did not influence response processes contrasts sharply with findings reported by authors using the Sternberg memory search task. Expand
A Physical Activity Program Improves Behavior and Cognitive Functions in Children With ADHD
TLDR
Findings show that participation in a physical activity program improves muscular capacities, motor skills, behavior reports by parents and teachers, and level of information processing, which supports the need for further research in the area of physical activity with children with ADHD. Expand
Adaptive control deficits in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): The role of error processing
TLDR
Investigating the error-related negativity (ERN), a negative deflection in the event-related potential (ERP) time-locked to erroneous responses in ADHD boys, indicates that a specific deficit in monitoring ongoing behaviour, rather than insufficient strategic adjustments, gave rise to performance limitations in ADHD. Expand
Aerobic fitness and cognitive development: Event-related brain potential and task performance indices of executive control in preadolescent children.
TLDR
The data suggest that fitness is associated with better cognitive performance on an executive control task through increased cognitive control, resulting in greater allocation of attentional resources during stimulus encoding and a subsequent reduction in conflict during response selection. Expand
Hypofrontality in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder during higher-order motor control: a study with functional MRI.
TLDR
Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to investigate the hypothesis that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with a dysfunction of prefrontal brain regions during motor response inhibition and motor timing, and hyperactive adolescents showed lower power of response. Expand
Basal Ganglia Volume Is Associated with Aerobic Fitness in Preadolescent Children
TLDR
The results support the claim that the dorsal striatum is involved in cognitive control and response resolution and that these cognitive processes vary as a function of aerobic fitness. Expand
Acute Aerobic Exercise Effects on Event-related Brain Potentials
The study of acute exercise effects on neurocognitive function has grown in interest over recent decades, largely due to an increasing focus on the relationship between health behaviours and brainExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...