Exemplar-learning and schematization in a usage-based account of syntactic acquisition

  title={Exemplar-learning and schematization in a usage-based account of syntactic acquisition},
  author={Kirsten Abbot-Smith and Michael Tomasello},
Abstract The early phases of syntactic acquisition are characterized by many input frequency and item effects, which argue against theories assuming innate access to classical syntactic categories. In formulating an alternative view, we consider both prototype and exemplar-learning models of categorization. We argue for a ‘hybrid’ usage-based view in which acquisition depends on exemplar learning and retention, out of which permanent abstract schemas gradually emerge and are immanent across the… 

Exemplars and analogy: Semantic extension in constructional networks

Focusing on clusters of German ADJ N expressions involving the heavily polysemous adjective lie f' deep’, it is shown that type frequency needs to be relativised to distinct semantic classes within the overall usage spectrum of a given construction in order to predict the occurrence of novel types within a particular region of this spectrum.

Introduction to Exemplar-Based Models of Language Acquisition and Use

Exemplar-based models have become part and parcel of linguistics: they are used in phonetics and phonology (Johnson 1997; Pierrehumbert 2001), in morphology (Skousen 1989; Krott et al. 2002), syntax

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The aim is to show how argument-structure constructions are learnable, by bringing together findings from categorisation and analogy, social cognition and construction grammar, and providing a critique of the usage-based approach taken.

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This paper presents recent research which provides an over-arching model of exemplar theory capable of explaining phenomena across the phonetic and syntactic strata. The model represents a unique

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The acquisition of plural marking in English and German revisited: schemata versus rules

  • K. Köpcke
  • Linguistics
    Journal of Child Language
  • 1998
It is suggested that a schema-learning mechanism may underlie the acquisition of morphology, even when the end product of the learning process involves item-and-process rules, as in the case of English plural formation.

Learning Words and Rules

These findings demonstrate that although toddlers have much to learn about their native languages, they represent language experience in terms of an abstract mental vocabulary, which allows children to rapidly detect general patterns in their native language, and thus to learn rules as well as words from the start.

Regular morphology and the lexicon.

The interaction of phonological properties of lexical patterns with frequency and the interaction of type and token frequency are shown to influence degree of productivity in three models of morphological storage and processing.

"Schema Abstraction" in a Multiple-Trace Memory Model

The possibility that there is only one memory system, which stores episodic traces, and that abstract knowledge as such does not have to be stored but can be derived from the pool of traces of specific experiences at the time of retrieval is explored.

Preservation of Specific Experiences in the Representation of General Knowledge

It was concluded that dual-memory accounts assuming automatic, stable abstraction are less powerful than episodic accounts assuming encoding variability and specificity of retrieval to the conditions of encoding.

Do young children have adult syntactic competence?

Abstraction of prototypical information by adults and 10-month-old infants.

  • M. Strauss
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Human learning and memory
  • 1979
The results clearly imply that infants are able to constructively process visual information and hence take a more active role in category formation than had been previously believed.

Limitations of exemplar-based generalization and the abstraction of categorical information.

An evaluation of exemplar-based models of generalization was provided for illdefined categories in a category abstraction paradigm. Subjects initially classified 35 high-level distortions into three