Executive Function

@article{Banich2009ExecutiveF,
  title={Executive Function},
  author={Marie T. Banich},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  year={2009},
  volume={18},
  pages={89 - 94}
}
  • M. Banich
  • Published 1 April 2009
  • Psychology
  • Current Directions in Psychological Science
In general, executive function can be thought of as the set of abilities required to effortfully guide behavior toward a goal, especially in nonroutine situations. Psychologists are interested in expanding the understanding of executive function because it is thought to be a key process in intelligent behavior, it is compromised in a variety of psychiatric and neurological disorders, it varies across the life span, and it affects performance in complicated environments, such as the cockpits of… 

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References

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The neural substrates of the executive system are examined as well as the evolution of executive functioning, from development to decline, and the ability to inhibit overlearned behavior and verbal fluency is examined.
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TLDR
It is proposed that there are discrete categories of functions within the frontal lobes, of which ‘executive’ functioning is one, and within the executive category, the data do not support the concept of an undifferentiated central executive/supervisory system.
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The results suggest that it is important to recognize both the unity and diversity ofExecutive functions and that latent variable analysis is a useful approach to studying the organization and roles of executive functions.
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