Executive Dysfunction and Characterological Changes After Traumatic Brain Injury: Two Sides of the Same Coin?

  title={Executive Dysfunction and Characterological Changes After Traumatic Brain Injury: Two Sides of the Same Coin?},
  author={Robyn L Tate},
  • R. Tate
  • Published 31 December 1999
  • Psychology
  • Cortex
Posttraumatic Amnesia and Personality Changes after Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: Preliminary Findings
Psychiatric disorders were assessed 18 months after severe TBI with full administration of Structured Clinical Interview for DSMIV Axis I Disorders by two board-certified psychiatrists blinded for all the hospitalization variables and the presence of personality changes according to DSM-IV-TR criteria was found.
Executive disorders and perceived socio-emotional changes after traumatic brain injury.
It is concluded that executive functions, and especially multitasking, encompass processes whereby one can consciously control one's emotional reactions and behaviours.
What about theory of mind after severe brain injury?
Compared to healthy controls, patients with severe TBI were impaired in most executive tests and in both TOM tasks, suggesting that TBI patients may have specific social intelligence disturbances.
Social behavior following traumatic brain injury and its association with emotion recognition, understanding of intentions, and cognitive flexibility
Findings failed to confirm the used model for social behavior deficits and may cast doubt on the alleged link between deficits in emotion recognition or theory of mind and social functioning.
Social Behavior and Impairments in Social Cognition Following Traumatic Brain Injury
Of the three functions considered, emotion recognition was associated with both post-injury behavior and community integration and this association could not be fully explained by injury severity, time since injury, or education.
Neuropsychiatric sequelae in TBI: a comparison across different age groups
Different psychological problems were found across the three groups; more frequently younger patients show internalizing problems such as withdrawal and closure, while, with age, behaviour problems become more frequent, characterized by hyperactivity and aggressiveness.
Impact of baseline neurocognitive functioning on outcomes following rehabilitation of executive function training for veterans with history of traumatic brain injury
For Veterans with chronic TBI, cognitive assessment can aid in identifying functional impairment and assist treatment planning and Cognitive rehabilitation training appears to be a beneficial treatment option for TBI patients with cognitive, emotional, and daily living difficulties.
The aim of this study was to re-analyze the performance of traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients on the available neuropsychological tests, and to introduce how to develop a desirable screening test
Exploring the relationship between cognition and functional verbal reasoning in adults with severe traumatic brain injury at six months post injury
Performance on the FAVRES is positively associated with cognitive processes and participants with stronger verbal reasoning skills which may be required for activities in work, home and social contexts also had higher scores on tests of cognitive functioning.
Post-injury personality in the prediction of outcome following severe acquired brain injury
These measures provide a method of quantifying the extent of NCNB changes following brain injury and may represent a useful tool which could aid clinicians in identifying early-on those whose symptoms are likely to persist and who may require ongoing intervention in the planning of rehabilitation programmes.


Frontal lobe lesions, diffuse damage, and neuropsychological functioning in traumatic brain-injured patients.
The results suggest that tests that are traditionally used to detect "frontal lobe" damage may not be adequate for distinguishing specific frontal lobe dysfunction, and do not add anything unique about frontal lobe integrity and neuropsychological functioning in TBI patients.
Brain injury: personality, psychopathology and neuropsychology.
Investigating the relationship between brain injury and personality using the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery and the Clinical Analysis Questionnaire as measurement tools suggests that measures of psychopathology can provide important supplementary information to neuropsychological assessment, above that obtained from measures of brain functioning alone.
Motivational deficits after brain injury: a neuropsychological approach using new assessment techniques.
New tools for assessing patients' level of motivation in therapy and their behavioral responsiveness to experimental incentive (the card-arranging reward responsivity objective test) are developed and results were consistent with the neuropsychological model.
Emotional and psychosocial problems after brain injury
The aim of this paper is to try to disentangle some of the major factors underlying these disturbances, making a schematic distinction between three main categories: neurological factors; psychological (or psychodynamic) factors; (3) psychosocial factors.
"It Is not only the Kind of Injury that Matters, but the Kind of Head": The Contribution of Premorbid Psychosocial Factors to Rehabilitation Outcomes after Severe Traumatic Brain Injury
Examination of premorbid personality characteristics in subjects with TBI found no differences between the groups regarding overall outcome on the Glasgow Outcome Scale, level of psychosocial reintegration, or severity of neuropsychological impairments.
Cognitive moderators of outcome following traumatic brain injury: a conceptual model and implications for rehabilitation.
This paper presents a conceptual model describing the relationships between quality of life outcomes following traumatic brain injury (TBI), coping patterns, and beliefs regarding self-efficacy to
Cognitive test performances related to early and late computed tomography findings after closed-head injury.
It is suggested that parenchymal lesion in the early CT is an indicator of diffuse axonal injury, which results in cognitive inflexibility during recovery, and Ventricular enlargement in the late CT was related to cognitive inefficiency, both being strongly associated with age.
Enhanced emotional reactions in chronic head trauma patients.
Premorbid personality and increased awareness of impaired functioning with the passage of time are discussed as possible mediators of enhanced emotional distress in some chronic head injury patients.
Dissociation of two frontal lobe syndromes by a test of verbal fluency.
  • S. Crowe
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology
  • 1992
This study attempted to determine if two prinicpal syndromes could be dissociated from each other on the basis of a test of verbal fluency, and some guidelines for the clinical interpretation of response patterns on the fluency test are suggested.
Psychosocial Adjustment Following Closed Head Injury: A Model for Understanding Individual Differences and Predicting Outcome
In addition to permanent physical and cognitive deficits, many individuals with closed head injury (CHI) experience poor psychosocial outcomes, such as interpersonal and family conflict, emotional