Executive Attention, Working Memory Capacity, and a Two-Factor Theory of Cognitive Control.

@article{Engle2003ExecutiveAW,
  title={Executive Attention, Working Memory Capacity, and a Two-Factor Theory of Cognitive Control.},
  author={Randall W. Engle and Michael J. Kane},
  journal={Psychology of Learning and Motivation},
  year={2003},
  volume={44},
  pages={145-199}
}
  • R. EngleM. Kane
  • Published 2003
  • Psychology
  • Psychology of Learning and Motivation

Figures from this paper

7 Working Memory Capacity and Inhibition : Cognitive and · Social Consequences

The construct of inhibition plays a prominent role within cognitive psychology This chapter provides a brief introduction to our executive-attention theory of WMC and how exactly WMC relates to

Rapid communication: Integrating working memory capacity and context-processing views of cognitive control

The overall pattern of results is most consistent with both the executive-attention and context-processing theories of cognitive control.

Is executive control related to working memory capacity and fluid intelligence?

The existence of executive control as a psychometric construct and the assumption that WMC and gF are closely related to the ability to control ongoing thoughts and actions are called into question.

How Executive Processes Explain the Overlap between Working Memory Capacity and Fluid Intelligence: A Test of Process Overlap Theory

A relatively purified representation of the core executive processes including shifting and inhibition is achieved by a novel approach combining experimental manipulations and fixed-links modeling and results do not support POT as underlying the relationship between WMC and Gf.

What is working memory capacity, and how can we measure it?

Results from structural-equation modeling show negligible relations of WMC with response-conflict resolution, and very strong relations ofWMC with secondary memory and fluid intelligence.

The scope and control of attention as separate aspects of working memory

It is argued that visual arrays performance is not strictly driven by a limited-capacity storage system, but may also rely on control processes such as selective attention and controlled memory search.

IN PRESS: JEP:LMC

The “executive attention” theory of working memory capacity (WMC) proposes that measures of WMC broadly predict higher-order cognitive abilities because they tap important and general attention

Working memory and the strategic control of attention in older and younger adults.

Investigation of the effects of aging on the strategic control of attention and the extent to which this relationship is mediated by working memory capacity confirmed that older adults were less efficient in maximizing selectivity scores when high demands were placed on selectivity processes.

Working memory capacity and the top-down control of visual search: Exploring the boundaries of "executive attention".

Three experiments correlated individual differences in WMC, as measured by complex span tasks, and executive control of visual search, and sought boundary conditions of the WMC-attention relation.

Capacity, Control, or Both – Which Aspects of Working Memory Contribute to Children’s General Fluid Intelligence?

: Starting from the assumption that working memory capacity is an important predictor of general fluid intelligence, we asked which aspects of working memory account for this relationship. Two
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 150 REFERENCES

The role of prefrontal cortex in working-memory capacity, executive attention, and general fluid intelligence: An individual-differences perspective

Although the dorsolateral PFC is but one critical structure in a network of anterior and posterior “attention control” areas, it does have a unique executiveattention role in actively maintaining access to stimulus representations and goals in interference-rich contexts.

Individual differences in working memory within a nomological network of cognitive and perceptual speed abilities.

The authors assess the construct space for WM and g and demonstrate that WM shares substantial variance with perceptual speed (PS) constructs and construct overlap between PS and WM is investigated.

The generality of working memory capacity: a latent-variable approach to verbal and visuospatial memory span and reasoning.

The findings support a domain-general view of WM capacity, in which executive-attention processes drive the broad predictive utility of WM span measures, and domain-specific storage and rehearsal processes relate more strongly to domain- specific aspects of complex cognition.

Control of Cognitive Processes: Attention and Performance XVIII

The progress achieved in fractionating, localizing, and modeling control functions, and in understanding the interaction between stimulus-driven and voluntary control, takes research on control in the mind/brain to a new level of sophistication.

How are visuospatial working memory, executive functioning, and spatial abilities related? A latent-variable analysis.

This study examined the relationships among visuospatial working memory (WM) executive functioning, and spatial abilities. One hundred sixty-seven participants performed visuospatial short-term

Exploring the Central Executive

The central executive component of working memory is a poorly specified and very powerful system that could be criticized as little more than a homunculus. A research strategy is outlined that

The episodic buffer: a new component of working memory?

  • A. Baddeley
  • Biology, Psychology
    Trends in Cognitive Sciences
  • 2000

An embedded-processes model of working memory

FIVE CENTRAL FEATURES OF THE APPROACH The embedded-processes model of working memory relies upon the following five principles, which emphasize links between memory and attention. (1) Working memory
...