Exclusion failure does not demonstrate unconscious perception.

  title={Exclusion failure does not demonstrate unconscious perception.},
  author={Gary D. Fisk and Steven J. Haase},
  journal={The American journal of psychology},
  volume={120 2},
Elevations in exclusion error rates (i.e., responding with the target stimulus despite instructions to the contrary) in experiments with masked, briefly presented stimuli have been attributed to unconscious perception. The present studies tested the validity of exclusion methods for studying unconscious perception. Experiment 1 replicated Merikle, Joordens, and Stolz (1995; Experiment 1) by showing more exclusion errors (exclusion failure) for masked word stimuli in a stem completion task… CONTINUE READING