Exclusion Learning and Emergent Symbolic Category Formation in Individuals with Severe Language Impairments and Intellectual Disabilities.

@article{Wilkinson2009ExclusionLA,
  title={Exclusion Learning and Emergent Symbolic Category Formation in Individuals with Severe Language Impairments and Intellectual Disabilities.},
  author={Krista M. Wilkinson and Celia Rosenquist and William Jay McIlvane},
  journal={The Psychological record},
  year={2009},
  volume={59 2},
  pages={187}
}
We evaluated formation of simple symbolic categories from initial learning of specific dictated word-picture relations through emergence of untaught or derived relations. Participants were 10 individuals with severe intellectual and language limitations. Three experimental categories were constructed, each containing 1 spoken word (Set A), 1 photograph (Set B), and 1 visual-graphic "lexigram" (Set C). Exclusion-based learning procedures were used to teach first the 3 auditory-visual relations… CONTINUE READING

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