Excimer lasers for superhigh NA 193-nm lithography

@inproceedings{Paetzel2003ExcimerLF,
  title={Excimer lasers for superhigh NA 193-nm lithography},
  author={Rainer Paetzel and H. Albrecht and Peter Lokai and Wolfgang Zschocke and Thomas Schmidt and Igor Bragin and Thomas Schroeder and Christian Reusch and Stefan Spratte},
  booktitle={SPIE Advanced Lithography},
  year={2003}
}
Excimer lasers are widely used as the light source for microlithography scanners. The volume shipment of scanner systems using 193nm is projected to begin in year 2003. Such tools will directly start with super high numerical aperture (NA) in order to take full advantage of the 193nm wavelength over the advanced 248nm systems. Reliable high repetition rate laser light sources enabling high illumination power and wafer throughput are one of the fundamental prerequisites. In addition these light… 
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