Exchange of greenhouse gases between soil and atmosphere: interactions of soil physical factors and biological processes

@article{Smith2003ExchangeOG,
  title={Exchange of greenhouse gases between soil and atmosphere: interactions of soil physical factors and biological processes},
  author={K. A. Smith and Timothy Ball and Franz Conen and Karen Dobbie and Jonathan M. Massheder and Ana Rey},
  journal={European Journal of Soil Science},
  year={2003},
  volume={54}
}
  • K. A. Smith, T. Ball, A. Rey
  • Published 1 December 2003
  • Environmental Science, Chemistry
  • European Journal of Soil Science
This review examines the interactions between soil physical factors and the biological processes responsible for the production and consumption in soils of greenhouse gases. The release of CO2 by aerobic respiration is a non‐linear function of temperature over a wide range of soil water contents, but becomes a function of water content as a soil dries out. Some of the reported variation in the temperature response may be attributable simply to measurement procedures. Lowering the water table in… 
The influence of redox dynamics on nitrogen cycling andnitrous oxide emissions from soils
Soils are a dominant source of nitrous oxide (N2O), a potent greenhouse gas. The complexity of drivers of N2O production and emissions has hindered our ability to predict the magnitude and spatial
Effects of Soil Moisture and Temperature on Microbial Regulation of Methane Fluxes in a Poplar Plantation
Improved mechanistic understanding of soil methane (CH4) exchange responses to shifts in soil moisture and temperature in forest ecosystems is pivotal to reducing uncertainty in estimates of the
Soil aggregates as biogeochemical reactors and implications for soil–atmosphere exchange of greenhouse gases—A concept
TLDR
It is proposed that aggregates, as relatively separate micro-environments embedded in a complex soil matrix, can be viewed as biogeochemical reactors of GHGs and may have global implications for carbon and nitrogen cycling.
Effects of soil compaction, rain exposure and their interaction on soil carbon dioxide emission
Soils release more carbon, primarily as carbon dioxide (CO2), per annum than current global anthropogenic emissions. Soils emit CO2 through mineralization and decomposition of organic matter and
Soil structure and greenhouse gas emissions: a synthesis of 20 years of experimentation
Soil structure affects microbial activity and thus influences greenhouse gas production and exchange in soil. Structure is variable and increasingly vulnerable to compaction and erosion damage as
Greenhouse gas emissions from European soils under different land use: effects of soil moisture and temperature
In order to estimate potential greenhouse gas flux rates from soils under different land use and climate, and to particularly assess the influence of soil temperature and soil moisture, we measured
Isolating the effect of soil properties on agricultural soil greenhouse gas emissions under controlled conditions
Agricultural soils are important sources of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Soil properties and environmental factors have complex interactions which influence the dynamics of these GHG fluxes. Four arable
The effects of litter layer and soil properties on the soil-atmosphere fluxes of greenhouse gases in karst forest, southwest china
Temporal variation is a major source of the uncertainty in estimating the flux- es of the greenhouse gases (GHGs) in terrestrial ecosystems, and the GHG fluxes and its affecting factors in the karst
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 103 REFERENCES
General CH4 oxidation model and comparisons of CH4 Oxidation in natural and managed systems
Fluxes of methane from field observations of native and cropped grassland soils in Colorado and Nebraska were used to model CH4 oxidation as a function of soil water content, temperature, porosity,
Mechanisms of carbon and nutrient release and retention in beech forest gaps
  • R. Brumme
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Plant and Soil
  • 2004
TLDR
Fluxes of CO2 and N2O were measured along a microclimatic gradient stretching from the centre of a gap into a mature beech stand using an automated chamber method to assess the significance of each regulating factor.
Consumption of atmospheric methane by soils: A process‐based model
A process‐based model for the consumption of atmospheric methane (CH4) by soils was developed to identify the most important factors affecting uptake rates and to determine whether the current
The potential for feedback effects induced by global warming on emissions of nitrous oxide by soils
About 65% of all emissions of nitrous oxide, N2O, are from soils, and are caused by aerobic nitrification and anaerobic denitrification. Tropical forest soils are probably the most important single
The global carbon dioxide flux in soil respiration and its relationship to vegetation and climate
We review measured rates of soil respiration from terrestrial and wetland ecosystems to define the annual global CO 2 flux from soils, to identify uncertainties in the global flux estimate, and to
Greenhouse gas emissions from farmed organic soils: a review
Abstract. The large boreal peatland ecosystems sequester carbon and nitrogen from the atmosphere due to a low oxygen pressure in waterlogged peat. Consequently they are sinks for CO2 and strong
Seasonal patterns of methane uptake and carbon dioxide release by a temperate woodland soil
Direct measurements of CH4 and CO2 atmosphere/soil exchange with a drained upland inceptisol were made over a 2-year period in a mixed hardwood forest in New Hampshire. Soil gas concentrations of CH4
Site variation in methane oxidation as affected by atmospheric deposition and type of temperate forest ecosystem
Factors controlling methane oxidation were analyzed along a soil acidity gradient (pH(H2O) 3.9 to 5.2) under beech and spruce forests in Germany. Mean annual methane oxidation ranged from 0.1 to 2.5
The influence of temperature and water table position on carbon dioxide and methane emissions from laboratory columns of peatland soils
SUMMARY Laboratory columns (80 cm long, 10 cm diameter) of peat were constructed from samples collected from a subarctic fen, a temperate bog and a temperate swamp. Temperature and water table
Process modeling of controls on nitrogen trace gas emissions from soils worldwide
We report on an ecosystem modeling approach that integrates global satellite, climate, vegetation, and soil data sets to (1) examine conceptual controls on nitrogen trace gas (NO, N2O, and N2)
...
...