Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH&Co. KGaA, Weinheim 6 && These are not the final page numbers! Full Paper FULL PAPER & Nanomaterials
- J. Kim, C. B. Rong, Y. Lee, J. P. Liu, S. H. Sun, Chem. Mater
- Chem. Eur. J. 2014,
We report the controlled synthesis of exchange-coupled face-centered tetragonal (fct) FePd/α-Fe nanocomposite magnets with variable Fe concentration. The composite was converted from Pd/Fe3O4 core/shell nanoparticles through a high-temperature annealing process in a reducing atmosphere. The shell thickness of core/shell Pd/Fe3O4 nanoparticles could be readily tuned, and subsequently the concentration of Fe in nanocomposite magnets was controlled. Upon annealing reduction, the hard magnetic fct-FePd phase was formed by the interdiffusion between reduced α-Fe and face-centered cubic (fcc) Pd, whereas the excessive α-Fe remained around the fct-FePd grains, realizing exchange coupling between the soft magnetic α-Fe and hard magnetic fct-FePd phases. Magnetic measurements showed variation in the magnetic properties of the nanocomposite magnets with different compositions, indicating distinct exchange coupling at the interfaces. The coercivity of the exchange-coupled nanocomposites could be tuned from 0.7 to 2.8 kOe and the saturation magnetization could be controlled from 93 to 160 emu g(-1). This work provides a bottom-up approach using exchange-coupled nanocomposites for engineering advanced permanent magnets with controllable magnetic properties.