Exchange-coupled fct-FePd/α-Fe nanocomposite magnets converted from Pd/Fe3O4 core/shell nanoparticles.

Abstract

We report the controlled synthesis of exchange-coupled face-centered tetragonal (fct) FePd/α-Fe nanocomposite magnets with variable Fe concentration. The composite was converted from Pd/Fe3O4 core/shell nanoparticles through a high-temperature annealing process in a reducing atmosphere. The shell thickness of core/shell Pd/Fe3O4 nanoparticles could be readily tuned, and subsequently the concentration of Fe in nanocomposite magnets was controlled. Upon annealing reduction, the hard magnetic fct-FePd phase was formed by the interdiffusion between reduced α-Fe and face-centered cubic (fcc) Pd, whereas the excessive α-Fe remained around the fct-FePd grains, realizing exchange coupling between the soft magnetic α-Fe and hard magnetic fct-FePd phases. Magnetic measurements showed variation in the magnetic properties of the nanocomposite magnets with different compositions, indicating distinct exchange coupling at the interfaces. The coercivity of the exchange-coupled nanocomposites could be tuned from 0.7 to 2.8 kOe and the saturation magnetization could be controlled from 93 to 160 emu g(-1). This work provides a bottom-up approach using exchange-coupled nanocomposites for engineering advanced permanent magnets with controllable magnetic properties.

DOI: 10.1002/chem.201403787

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Cite this paper

@article{Liu2014ExchangecoupledFN, title={Exchange-coupled fct-FePd/α-Fe nanocomposite magnets converted from Pd/Fe3O4 core/shell nanoparticles.}, author={Fei Liu and Yunhe Dong and Wenlong Yang and Jing Yu and Zhichuan J Xu and Yanglong Hou}, journal={Chemistry}, year={2014}, volume={20 46}, pages={15197-202} }