Exchange and Access in Field Work

@article{Gray1980ExchangeAA,
  title={Exchange and Access in Field Work},
  author={Paul S. Gray},
  journal={Journal of Contemporary Ethnography},
  year={1980},
  volume={9},
  pages={309 - 331}
}
  • P. Gray
  • Published 1 October 1980
  • Sociology
  • Journal of Contemporary Ethnography
EDITOR’S NOTE: The difficulties of obtaining access to field work settings are often problematic and situational. Paul Gray examines the problem of negotiating access from the perspective of social exchange theory, and identifies an &dquo;access ladder&dquo; corresponding to the level of difficulties encountered. He suggests that attempts to overcome these obstacles to access have initiated a wide variety of bargains between researcher and respondents, in which the goods exchanged mclude… Expand

Figures from this paper

The Politics of Access in Fieldwork
Gaining access in fieldwork is crucial to the success of research, and may often be problematic because it involves working in complex social situations. This article examines the intricacies ofExpand
Rules of the road: doing fieldwork and negotiating interactions with hesitant public figures
In this article, we address negotiating interactions with hesitant participants who are public figures, yet do not traditionally fit within the category of the advantaged. We target new fieldExpand
Research in a correctional setting: Constraints and biases
Abstract Researchers studying correctional institutions rarely have attempted to assess and conceptualize the special impact of the correctional setting on their research experience. Using aExpand
Not one of the guys: The female researcher in a male-dominated setting
An important, but frequently overlooked, issue in qualitative research is how the status characteristics of the researcher affect the process of gaining access to, establishing, and maintainingExpand
By Any Means Necessary? Ethnographic Access, Ethics and the Critical Researcher
This paper aims to analyse the implications of negotiating ethnographic research access following research ethical codes and remain coherent with Critical Management Studies (CMS) principles. ThroughExpand
Thinking with Elias about British independent funeral firms
This thesis is about using rather than applying Norbert Elias’s conceptual ideas, and its analytical procedure employs a ‘fair play’ approach to theorists and theory. This is put to use regardingExpand
Orange-collar workers: An ethnographic study of modern prison labour
Work routines are integral to prison life. One recent development, at the behest of the government, especially in privatised prisons, has been the contracting out of work by private companies toExpand
Thinking about Ethics in Burma Research
Burma’s colonial past, its years under military dictatorship, its ongoing ethnic and religious confl icts, and the current shift s in the political landscape all present unique challenges forExpand
Information Innovations in Social Services departments: a Third Report on Project Iniss
TLDR
The idea of ‘action research’ is outlined, the intention of the action phase and of the innovations introduced are described, the main features of negotiations with department management and staff are traced, and the results are outlined. Expand
"Sex industry" worlds : massage parlours, escort agencies, and the social organisation of sex work in Christchurch.
This thesis embeds the dyadic sex worker-client relationship in the wider network structures and practices of the 'sex industry' in Christchurch. It details the actual practices of owners andExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 18 REFERENCES
Field Methods and Techniques: A Framework for Reporting Field Relations Experiences
The skills required by fieldworkers in social research can be regarded as belonging in two categories:1. The Primary Skills, which are those required for the selection, collection, and analysis ofExpand
Field Methods and Techniques: The Field Worker in Union Research
One of the most difficult problems faced by the field researcher is structuring and maintaining his role. The role he adopts must be one that will gain acceptance by others, yet allow him to do theExpand
Exchange and Power in Social Life
In his landmark study of exchange and power in social life, Peter M. Blau contributes to an understanding of social structure by analyzing the social processes that govern the relations betweenExpand
The Coming Crisis in Western Sociology
An examination of the title of Alvin Gouldner' s new book, The Coming Crisis of_~e~t~~n So~i21ogv, reveals some of the things that are wrong with what one finds between the covers of the book.Expand
What is "Morale"? A Case History of a Validity Problem
Our purpose in this paper is to describe how a single community study,1 the Kansas City Study of Adult Life, has gone about trying to fathom the essential meaning of its own dependent variable,Expand
Social Behavior as Exchange
To consider social behavior as an exchange of goods may clarify the relations among four bodies of theory; behavioral psychology, economics, propositions about the dynamics of influence, andExpand
Planning and Social Change in India
The planning of social behavior is not particularly new in human history and is an old story in India, having been practiced by the earliest civilizations. From the third millennium B.C. there isExpand
Interaction, Reported and Observed: The Case of One Local Union
The observation is neither profound nor original that, over the past two to three decades, behavioral scientists have placed increasingly heavy reliance on the questionnaire survey as a principalExpand
Tally's Corner
Tally's Corner est devenu un texte-cle dans l'analyse et la comprehension des phenomenes urbains lies a la pauvrete. Alors que les revoltes urbaines s'intensifient et que les habitants des grandesExpand
The institutionalization of organized labor in Ghana
  • 1977
...
1
2
...