Exchange Among Humans: Divine Supervision

  title={Exchange Among Humans: Divine Supervision},
  author={Resit Ergener},
Gods did not interfere with the exchange relations among members of small, stateless hunter-gatherer groups. Cheaters would be warned and punished by the members of the small group within which exchange took place. As groups grew larger and as individuals from different groups began to trade with each other, “everybody policing everybody else” was no longer viable. Powerful individuals assumed the task of overseeing trade relations, with the cooperation of supernatural beings. Supernatural… Expand


The Evolution of Human Co-operation: Ritual and Social Complexity in Stateless Societies
How do people living in small groups without money, markets, police and rigid social classes develop norms of economic and social cooperation that are sustainable over time? This book addresses thisExpand
Outsourcing punishment to God: beliefs in divine control reduce earthly punishment
Results show that, although religiosity generally predicts higher levels of punishment, the specific belief in powerful, intervening Gods reduces altruistic punishment and support for state-sponsored punishment. Expand
Mean Gods Make Good People: Different Views of God Predict Cheating Behavior
Fear of supernatural punishment may serve as a deterrent to counternormative behavior, even in anonymous situations free from human social monitoring. The authors conducted two studies to test thisExpand
Power, Fairness, and Architecture: Modeling Early Chiefdom Development in the Central Andes
This chapter models the development of complex architecture in simple chiefly societies in the Central Andes. We employ a theoretical framework that draws from evolutionary game theory, economicExpand
Big Gods: How Religion Transformed Cooperation and Conflict
List of Illustrations ix Acknowledgments xi The Eight Principles of Big Gods xiii Chapter 1 Religious Evolution 1 Chapter 2 S upernatural Watchers 13 Chapter 3 Pressure from Above 33 Chapter 4 I nExpand
Contracts of Genesis
  • G. Miller
  • Economics
  • The Journal of Legal Studies
  • 1993
AMONG the many fascinating texts in the Hebrew Bible1 are a number of stories that describe the making, performance, and breach of contracts and contract-like arrangements.2 These include Abraham'sExpand
The role of cult and feasting in the emergence of Neolithic communities. New evidence from Göbekli Tepe, south-eastern Turkey
Göbekli Tepe is one of the most important archaeological discoveries of modern times, pushing back the origins of monumentality beyond the emergence of agriculture. We are pleased to present aExpand
Trading Goods – Trading Gods. Greek Sanctuaries in the Mediterranean and their Role as emporia and 'Ports of Trade' (7th–6th Century BCE)
Greek sanctuaries are well known primarily as places within the community to feast and worship the gods. Since the late 7 th century BCE, certain sanctuaries, such as Gravisca, Pyrgi or Naukratis,Expand
Seeking the Roots of Ritual
In the hills of Turkey, researchers are slowly uncovering the world9s oldest monumental structures, strange monoliths built by hunter-gatherers perhaps 11,000 years ago.
The Cattle of the Sun: Cows and Culture in the World of the Ancient Greeks
List of Illustrations ix Acknowledgments xi A Note about Spellings and Translations xiii Abbreviations xv CHAPTER 1: Cattle Habits 1 CHAPTER 2: The Paradoxes of Pastoralism 21 CHAPTER 3: CattleExpand