Excessive discounting of delayed reinforcers as a trans-disease process contributing to addiction and other disease-related vulnerabilities: emerging evidence.

@article{Bickel2012ExcessiveDO,
  title={Excessive discounting of delayed reinforcers as a trans-disease process contributing to addiction and other disease-related vulnerabilities: emerging evidence.},
  author={Warren K. Bickel and David P. Jarmolowicz and E. Terry Mueller and Mikhail N. Koffarnus and Kirstin M. Gatchalian},
  journal={Pharmacology & therapeutics},
  year={2012},
  volume={134 3},
  pages={287-97}
}
Delay discounting describes the devaluation of a reinforcer as a function of the delay until its receipt. Although all people discount delayed reinforcers, one consistent finding is that substance-dependent individuals tend to discount delayed reinforcers more rapidly than do healthy controls. Moreover, these higher-than-normal discounting rates have been observed in individuals with other behavioral maladies such as pathological gambling, poor health behavior, and overeating. This suggests… CONTINUE READING

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