Excessive Reassurance Seeking: Delineating a Risk Factor Involved in the Development of Depressive Symptoms

  title={Excessive Reassurance Seeking: Delineating a Risk Factor Involved in the Development of Depressive Symptoms},
  author={Thomas E. Joiner and Gerald I. Metalsky},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  pages={371 - 378}
Six studies investigated (a) the construct validity of reassurance seeking and (b) reassurance seeking as a specific vulnerability factor for depressive symptoms. Studies 1 and 2 demonstrated that reassurance seeking is a reasonably cohesive, replicable, and valid construct, discernible from related interpersonal variables. Study 3 demonstrated that reassurance seeking displayed diagnostic specificity to depression, whereas other interpersonal variables did not, in a sample of clinically… 
xcessive reassurance seeking and anxiety pathology : Tests of incremental ssociations and directionality esse
Excessive reassurance-seeking (ERS) is hypothesized to play a key role in emotional disorders but has been studied mostly in relation to depression. Study 1 reports a new measure of reassurance
Rumination and Excessive Reassurance Seeking: Investigation of the Vulnerability Model and Specificity to Depression.
Recent research investigating cognitive and interpersonal models of depression have conceptualized rumination and excessive reassurance seeking (ERS) as vulnerabilities for the etiology of
Excessive Reassurance Seeking, Hassles, and Depressive Symptoms in Children of Affectively Ill Parents: A Multiwave Longitudinal Study
The results of contemporaneous analyses indicated that children with high levels of reassurance seeking reported greater elevations in depressive symptoms following Elevations in either hassles or parental depressive symptoms than children with low levels, and time-lagged analyses indicated these relationships were moderated by age.
Determinants of Excessive Reassurance-Seeking: Adolescents’ Internalized Distress, Friendship Conflict, and Inhibitory Control as Prospective Predictors
  • M. G. Clayton, M. Giletta, C. Boettiger, M. Prinstein
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53
  • 2019
It is suggested that inhibitory control may moderate the association between adolescents’ interpersonal conflict and their excessive reassurance-seeking, and beyond the effects of prior internalized distress.
Excessive Reassurance Seeking, Self–Esteem, and Depressive Symptoms in Children of Affectively Ill Parents: An Experience Sampling Analysis
Abstract The current study examined whether excessive reassurance seeking serves as a vulnerability factor to depressive symptoms in a sample of children of affectively ill parents using a multiwave
An investigation of excessive reassurance seeking in OCD
Excessive reassurance-seeking (ERS) is a common problem among individuals dealing with emotional and/or psychological difficulties. Prior research on ERS has focused almost exclusively on the
Excessive reassurance-seeking, interpersonal rejection, rejection sensitivity and depressive symptoms: an intervention focusing on mediating mechanisms
The current study sought to experimentally test an established interpersonal theory of depression and a new cognitive-behavioral theory of depression. Coyne’s interpersonal theory suggests that


Depression and Excessive Reassurance-Seeking
This article describes a program of research on excessive reassurance-seeking and its relation to depression. Relevant theory, central predictions, and empirical work are summarized, and the research
Reassurance seeking, stress generation, and depressive symptoms: an integrative model.
As predicted, stress generation operated as a mediating mechanism linking an initial reassurance-seeking style to subsequent depressive symptoms, and initial depressive symptoms were positively related to the occurrence of subsequent minor social stressors.
Contagious depression: existence, specificity to depressed symptoms, and the role of reassurance seeking.
  • T. Joiner
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1994
Reassurance seeking served as a vulnerability factor for the contagion effect: high-but not low-reassurance-seeking roommates of depressed target students became more depressed themselves over the course of the 3-week study.
Excessive reassurance-seeking predicts depressive but not anxious reactions to acute stress.
It is demonstrated that excessive reassurance-seeking is an important depression-related variable that deserves serious attention as a potential vulnerability factor and was supported in a study of air force cadets.
A prospective test of an integrative interpersonal theory of depression: a naturalistic study of college roommates.
This study tested an integrated interpersonal theory of depression, which combines J. C. Coyne's (1976b) interpersonal theories of depression with work on the interplay between self-enhancement and self-consistency theory, and found the combination of negative feedback seeking, high reassurance seeking, and depression at T1 predicted T1 to T2 increases in rejection by roommates.
Generation of stress in the course of unipolar depression.
  • C. Hammen
  • Psychology
    Journal of abnormal psychology
  • 1991
The hypothesis is that unipolar women by their symptoms, behaviors, characteristics, and social context generate stressful conditions, primarily interpersonal, that have the potential for contributing to the cycle of symptoms and stress that create chronic or intermittent depression.
Effectiveness of an outpatient intervention targeting suicidal young adults: preliminary results.
Both treatment and control participants evidenced significant improvement across all outcome measures throughout the follow-up period, and results indicated that the experimental treatment was more effective than treatment as usual at retaining the highest risk participants.
Morbid preoccupations, health anxiety and reassurance: a cognitive-behavioural approach to hypochondriasis.
Allure of negative feedback: self-verification strivings among depressed persons.
It seems a desire for self-verification compels people with negative self-views to seek unfavorable appraisals, although receiving such feedback made them unhappy, in comparison with people with positiveSelf-views.
What can specificity designs say about causality in psychopathology research?
Specificity designs in psychopathology research are used to examine whether a variable is unique to a given disorder, and a recognition of these complexities has implications for the nature of the psychopathology control group selected.