Exceptionally high Young's modulus observed for individual carbon nanotubes

@article{Treacy1996ExceptionallyHY,
  title={Exceptionally high Young's modulus observed for individual carbon nanotubes},
  author={Michael M. J. Treacy and Thomas W. Ebbesen and John Murray Gibson},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1996},
  volume={381},
  pages={678-680}
}
CARBON nanotubes are predicted to have interesting mechanical properties—in particular, high stiffness and axial strength—as a result of their seamless cylindrical graphitic structure1–5. Their mechanical properties have so far eluded direct measurement, however, because of the very small dimensions of nanotubes. Here we estimate the Young's modulus of isolated nanotubes by measuring, in the transmission electron microscope, the amplitude of their intrinsic thermal vibrations. We find that… 
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