Excavating Y-chromosome haplotype strata in Anatolia

@article{Cinniolu2003ExcavatingYH,
  title={Excavating Y-chromosome haplotype strata in Anatolia},
  author={Cengiz Cinnioğlu and Roy J. King and Toomas Kivisild and Ersi Abaci Kalfoglu and Sevil Atasoy and Gianpiero L. Cavalleri and Anita Lillie and Charles C Roseman and Alice A. Lin and Kristina Prince and Peter J. Oefner and Peidong Shen and Ornella Semino and Luca L. Cavalli-Sforza and Peter A. Underhill},
  journal={Human Genetics},
  year={2003},
  volume={114},
  pages={127-148}
}
Analysis of 89 biallelic polymorphisms in 523 Turkish Y chromosomes revealed 52 distinct haplotypes with considerable haplogroup substructure, as exemplified by their respective levels of accumulated diversity at ten short tandem repeat (STR) loci. The major components (haplogroups E3b, G, J, I, L, N, K2, and R1; 94.1%) are shared with European and neighboring Near Eastern populations and contrast with only a minor share of haplogroups related to Central Asian (C, Q and O; 3.4%), Indian (H, R2… Expand
Paternal lineages in Libya inferred from Y-chromosome haplogroups.
TLDR
Overall, the Y-haplogroup diversity in Libya and in North Africa is characterized by two genetic components, typical of Berber-speaking people (E-M81) and originating from Arabic populations (J(xJ1a,J2)-M304), in agreement with the hypothesis of an Arabic expansion from the Middle East, shaping the North African genetic landscape. Expand
Continental Origin for Q Haplogroup Patrilineages in Argentina and Paraguay
TLDR
The aim of present work was to identify the continental origin of the remaining Q lineages, and analyzed the STR haplotypes for the samples and compared them with haplotypes described by other authors for the rest of the world. Expand
Y chromosomal haplogroup J as a signature of the post-neolithic colonization of Europe
TLDR
Dating estimates confirmed the presence of a major population structuring at the time of spread of haplogroup J in Europe and a punctuation in the peopling of this continent in the post-Neolithic, compatible with the expansion of the Greek world. Expand
Y-chromosome haplogroup N dispersals from south Siberia to Europe
AbstractIn order to reconstruct the history of Y-chromosome haplogroup (hg) N dispersals in north Eurasia, we have analyzed the diversity of microsatellite (STR) loci within two major hg N clades, N2Expand
The Himalayas as a directional barrier to gene flow.
TLDR
The results suggest that the Tibetans and Nepalese are in part descendants of Tibeto-Burman-speaking groups originating from Northeast Asia and indicate gene flow from the Indian subcontinent and, in the case of haplogroup R, from Eurasia as well. Expand
The emergence of Y-chromosome haplogroup J1e among Arabic-speaking populations
TLDR
The southerly pattern of decreasing expansion time estimates is consistent with the serial drift and founder effect processes, and accordingly J1e parallels the establishment of rain-fed agriculture and semi-nomadic herders throughout the Fertile Crescent. Expand
The phylogenetic and geographic structure of Y-chromosome haplogroup R1a
TLDR
The spatial frequency distributions of R1a sub-haplogroups conclusively indicate two major groups, one found primarily in Europe and the other confined to Central and South Asia. Expand
High Resolution Phylogeographic Map of Y-Chromosomes Reveal the Genetic Signatures of Pleistocene Origin of Indian Populations
Paleoanthropological evidence indicates that modern humans reached South Asia in one of the first dispersals out of Africa, which were later followed by migrations from different parts of the world.Expand
Reprint of: high resolution mapping of Y haplogroup G in Tyrol (Austria).
TLDR
Evidence for an old settlement history associated with Y chromosomes belonging to haplogroup G in the Tyrolean Alps is revealed through estimation of coalescent times and principle coordinates analysis based on RST values derived from Y-STR haplotypes from different sub-regions of Tyrol. Expand
Distinguishing the co-ancestries of haplogroup G Y-chromosomes in the populations of Europe and the Caucasus
TLDR
No clinal patterns were detected suggesting that the distributions are rather indicative of isolation by distance and demographic complexities, and the P303 SNP defines the most frequent and widespread G sub-haplogroup. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 80 REFERENCES
Y chromosomal heritage of Croatian population and its island isolates
TLDR
High frequency of haplogroup I in Croatian populations and the phylogeographic pattern in its background STR diversity over Europe make Adriatic coast one likely source of the recolonization of Europe following the Last Glacial Maximum. Expand
Y-chromosomal DNA variation in Pakistan.
TLDR
The Y data support the well-establishedorigin of the Parsis in Iran, the suggested descent of the Hazaras from Genghis Khan's army, and the origin of the Negroid Makrani in Africa, but do not support traditions of Tibetan, Syrian, Greek, or Jewish origins for other populations. Expand
Armenian Y chromosome haplotypes reveal strong regional structure within a single ethno-national group
TLDR
The haplotype distribution and pattern of genetic distances suggest a high degree of genetic isolation in the mountainous southern and eastern regions, while in the northern, central and western regions there has been greater admixture with populations from neighbouring Middle Eastern countries. Expand
Hierarchical patterns of global human Y-chromosome diversity.
TLDR
A nested cladistic analysis (NCA) demonstrated that both population structure processes (recurrent gene flow restricted by isolation by distance and long-distance dispersals) and population history events were instrumental in explaining this tripartite division of global NRY diversity. Expand
Y-chromosome and mtDNA polymorphisms in Iraq, a crossroad of the early human dispersal and of post-Neolithic migrations.
TLDR
The different proportion of long-range genetic input observed for the mtDNA and the Y chromosome appears to indicate that events of gene flow to this area might have involved mainly males rather than females. Expand
Y-chromosomal diversity in Europe is clinal and influenced primarily by geography, rather than by language.
TLDR
These patterns retain a strong signal of expansion from the Near East but also suggest that the demographic history of Europe has been complex and influenced by other major population movements, as well as by linguistic and geographic heterogeneities and the effects of drift. Expand
DNA diversity and population admixture in Anatolia.
TLDR
The Turkic language was introduced in Anatolia at the start of this millennium, by nomadic Turkmen groups from Central Asia, and the most reliable estimates suggest roughly 30% Central Asian admixture for both mitochondrial and Y-chromosome loci. Expand
The Eurasian Heartland: A continental perspective on Y-chromosome diversity
TLDR
This study reports the frequencies of 23 Y-chromosome biallelic polymorphism haplotypes in 1,935 men from 49 Eurasian populations, with a particular focus on Central Asia. Expand
A multistep process for the dispersal of a Y chromosomal lineage in the Mediterranean area.
TLDR
A microsatellite-defined Y-chromosomal lineage identified by us and reported in previous studies, whose geographic distribution and antiquity appear to be compatible with the Neolithic spread of farmers suggests that its spread was associated to a population expansion, with a high rate of male gene flow in the Turkish-Greek area. Expand
Dual origins of Finns revealed by Y chromosome haplotype variation.
TLDR
Genetic evidence for the dual origins of Finns is presented by evaluating the pattern of Y chromosome variation in 280 unrelated males from nine Finnish provinces and revealing two major star-shaped clusters of Y haplotypes, indicative of a population expansion from two common Y chromosomes. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...