Excavating Essouk-Tadmakka (Mali): new archaeological investigations of early Islamic trans-Saharan trade

  title={Excavating Essouk-Tadmakka (Mali): new archaeological investigations of early Islamic trans-Saharan trade},
  author={Sam Nixon},
  journal={Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa},
  pages={217 - 255}
  • S. Nixon
  • Published 1 August 2009
  • History
  • Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa
This paper reports the first systematic excavations at Essouk-Tadmakka (Mali), one of the major West African trading towns that enabled the unprecedented flourishing of trans-Saharan trade during the early Islamic era (c. AD 650–1500). The 6.5 m excavated sequence (dating from the mid-first millennium AD to c. 1400) significantly improves understanding of Essouk-Tadmakka's ‘prehistoric’ and historic periods and, in doing so, provides a wealth of new evidence to help answer key questions about… 
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