Examining the testing effect with open‐ and closed‐book tests

@article{Agarwal2008ExaminingTT,
  title={Examining the testing effect with open‐ and closed‐book tests},
  author={Pooja K. Agarwal and Jeffrey D. Karpicke and Sean H. K. Kang and Henry L. Roediger and Kathleen B. McDermott},
  journal={Applied Cognitive Psychology},
  year={2008},
  volume={22},
  pages={861-876}
}
Two experiments examined the testing effect with open-book tests, in which students view notes and textbooks while taking the test, and closed-book tests, in which students take the test without viewing notes or textbooks. Subjects studied prose passages and then restudied or took an open- or closed-book test. Taking either kind of test, with feedback, enhanced long-term retention relative to conditions in which subjects restudied material or took a test without feedback. Open-book testing led… 

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