Examining the Theory of Historical Trauma among Native Americans

  title={Examining the Theory of Historical Trauma among Native Americans},
  author={Kathleen A. Brown-Rice},
  journal={The Professional Counselor},
The theory of historical trauma was developed to explain the current problems facing many Native Americans. This theory purports that some Native Americans are experiencing historical loss symptoms (e.g., depression, substance dependence, diabetes, dysfunctional parenting, unemployment) as a result of the cross-generational transmission of trauma from historical losses (e.g., loss of population, land, and culture). However, there has been skepticism by mental health professionals about the… Expand
American Indian Perspectives on Healing from Historical Trauma: An Indigenous Inquiry
American Indians in the United States have endured a collective history of deliberate mass extermination efforts for over 500 years, resulting in cumulative emotional and psychological trauma acrossExpand
Historical Trauma's Impact on Dating Violence and Pregnancy Among Urban Native Americans
G gaps in services for urban Native Americans that community groups and other agencies can use to develop or expand targeted support services focused on urban Native American needs are identified. Expand
Violence and Residual Associations Among Native Americans Living on Tribal Lands
The treatment of Native American populations has not been a traditional area of focus among mental health researchers (Matamonasa-Bennett, 2013). However, a push for increased knowledge in theExpand
Historical Trauma and American Indian/Alaska Native Youth Mental Health Development and Delinquency.
  • Jessica L Garcia
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • New directions for child and adolescent development
  • 2020
It is proposed that future research should target the high number of AI/AN youths in juvenile justice settings given that these youths appear neglected in current research. Expand
The Link Between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Youth Suicide in Native American Populations: A Literature Review
Recent reports have illustrated the abnormally high, and growing, epidemic of youth suicide amongst the American Indian and Alaskan Native (AI/AN) population. This growing epidemic has led to manyExpand
Stories of Spirit and the streets: Indigenous mental health, trauma, traditional knowledge and experiences of homelessness
Indigenous people in Canada have endured many traumas as a result of the consequences of colonization observed through poor social determinants of health. Homelessness, particularly, has been notedExpand
African American Historical Trauma: Creating an Inclusive Measure.
Research indicates that race-based discrimination is detrimental to the mental and physical health of African Americans. The authors sought preliminary evidence of internal consistency and factorialExpand
Trauma can be described as an injury that leaves permanent consequences, latent traces that can be activated in periods of crisis (Krstic, 2009). In the second part of the 20 th century, the termExpand
Employing a Harm-Reduction Approach Between Women and Girls Within Indigenous Familial Relationships
This paper concludes with the implicit harm reduction approach women and girls used when exploring the impacts of trauma while envisioning a healthier future. Expand
Cultural Identity, Mental Health, and Suicide Prevention: What Can We Learn from Unangax Culture?
Many Indigenous peoples in Alaska have high suicide rates. The Unangan/s, however, have a rate reported to be below those of other Alaska Natives. Using data derived from literature review,Expand


A Conceptual Model of Historical Trauma: Implications for Public Health Practice and Research
An analysis of the theoretical framework of historical trauma theory is provided and a conceptual model illustrating how historical trauma might play a role in disease prevalence and health disparities is introduced. Expand
A community-based treatment for Native American historical trauma: prospects for evidence-based practice.
  • Joseph P Gone
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 2009
Consideration of this healing discourse suggests that one important way for psychologists to bridge evidence-based and culturally sensitive treatment paradigms is to partner with indigenous programs in the exploration of locally determined therapeutic outcomes for existing culturally sensitive interventions that are maximally responsive to community needs and interests. Expand
Conceptualizing and Measuring Historical Trauma Among American Indian People
Results indicate both scales have high internal reliability and indicate that the current generation of American Indian adults have frequent thoughts pertaining to historical losses and that they associate these losses with negative feelings. Expand
Historical Trauma Among Indigenous Peoples of the Americas: Concepts, Research, and Clinical Considerations
Assessment of historical trauma and implications for research and clinical as well as community interventions, andRecommendations are concluded on ways of alleviating psychological suffering and unresolved grief among Indigenous Peoples of the Americas. Expand
Adapting Evidence-Based Treatments for Use with American Indian and Native Alaskan Children and Youth
focal point It is impossible to capture or explain the nature and extent of assaults experienced by American Indians and Alaskan Native (AI/AN) families. AI/AN communities experience aExpand
The American Indian Holocaust: healing historical unresolved grief.
The abundant literature on Jewish Holocaust survivors and their children is used to delineate the intergenerational transmission of trauma, grief, and the survivor's child complex and interventions based on traditional Indian ceremonies and modern western treatment modalities for grieving and healing of those losses are described. Expand
"It runs in the family": intergenerational transmission of historical trauma among urban American Indians and Alaska Natives in culturally specific sobriety maintenance programs.
  • Laurelle L. Myhra
  • Medicine
  • American Indian and Alaska native mental health research
  • 2011
The aim of this exploratory study was to better understand the intergenerational transmission of historical trauma among urban American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) in culturally specific sobriety maintenance programs. Expand
Healing the Soul Wound : Counseling with American Indians and Other Native Peoples
This groundbreaking volume provides invaluable concepts and strategies that can be applied directly to practice; outlines very different ways of serving American Indian clients, translating Western metaphor into indigenous ideas that make sense to Native People. Expand
Identifying effective mental health interventions for American Indians and Alaska Natives: a review of the literature.
This article reviews the treatment outcome literature for mental health interventions directed specifically toward American Indians and Alaska Natives experiencing psychological distress and discusses the advantages and limitations of EBP for treatment of Native American mental health problems. Expand
“We’re Still in a Struggle”
The fit of an historical trauma healing framework is explored and present implications for intervention and transformation through revitalization of traditional knowledge, culturally based healing practices, intergenerational education, and social change strategies designed to eliminate social inequities are explored. Expand