Examining the Origin of Fortifications in East Timor: Social and Environmental Factors

  title={Examining the Origin of Fortifications in East Timor: Social and Environmental Factors},
  author={Sue O’Connor and Andrew R. McWilliam and Jack N. Fenner and Sally Brockwell},
  journal={The Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology},
  pages={200 - 218}
ABSTRACT The remains of fortified archaeological sites abound in hilltop locations on the island of East Timor (Timor-Leste). Archaeologists have linked the emergence of these fortified settlements with environmental change. Some point to a period of reduced rainfall and increased environmental fluctuations beginning about AD 1000, while others cite relatively large-scale climate change during the post-AD 1300 transition from the Medieval Warm Period to the Little Ice Age. Both groups link… 
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