Examining costs of induced and constitutive immune investment in Tenebrio molitor.

  title={Examining costs of induced and constitutive immune investment in Tenebrio molitor.},
  author={Sophie A O Armitage and J. Will Thompson and Jens Rolff and Michael T. Siva-Jothy},
  journal={Journal of evolutionary biology},
  volume={16 5},
Central to the conceptual basis of ecological immunity is the notion that immune effector systems are costly to produce, run, and/or maintain. Using the mealworm beetle, Tenebrio molitor, as a model we investigated two aspects of the costs of innate immunity. We conducted an experiment designed to identify the cost of an induced immune response, and the cost of constitutive investment in immunity, as well as potential interactions. The immune traits under consideration were the encapsulation… CONTINUE READING


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