Examining body image and its relationship to exercise motivation: An 18-week cardiovascular program for female initiates with overweight and obesity

@article{Pearson2013ExaminingBI,
  title={Examining body image and its relationship to exercise motivation: An 18-week cardiovascular program for female initiates with overweight and obesity},
  author={Erin S Pearson and Craig R. Hall},
  journal={Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity},
  year={2013},
  volume={5},
  pages={121-131}
}
  • E. Pearson, C. Hall
  • Published 1 June 2013
  • Psychology
  • Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity
Background: A healthy body image is related to better psychological well-being and can also impact one’s likelihood to engage in health promoting behaviours such as exercise. To date, there has been a paucity of research investigating the relationship between body image and Self-Determination Theory’s motivational regulations as a function of exercise participation. The purpose of this study was to examine these constructs over the course of an 18-week cardiovascular-based program for female… 

Tables from this paper

Positive effect of pedometer-based walking intervention on body image and physical activity enjoyment in adolescent girls
TLDR
An eight-week pedometer-based walking program implemented in a school setting may improve body image and physical activity enjoyment in adolescent girls only if the set goals are specific and fully achieved by participants.
The influence of body weight and body composition information on initial exercise motivation in female exercise initiates with overweight and obesity
The study purpose was to examine the impact of providing individualized body composition information (intervention condition; n = 40) versus body weight information (standard control condition; n =
Effects of exercise motivations on body image and eating habits/behaviours: A systematic review.
  • I. PanãoE. Carraça
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Nutrition & dietetics: the journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
  • 2019
TLDR
Better-quality exercise motivations seem to result in healthier body image and eating outcomes, and it is suggested that future interventions should promote individuals' autonomy, competence and relatedness to foster autonomous motivations.
''Body image satisfaction and self-esteem among adult gym users and non-users'': A cross-sectional study
Background: Body image refers to how an individual perceives and it affects individual feelings about his or her body weight and shape. Usually, in general, populations have a notion that the gym
THE INFLUENCE OF BODY WEIGHT INFORMATION AND BODY COMPOSITION INFORMATION ON INITIAL EXERCISE MOTIVATION IN OVERWEIGHT FEMALE EXERCISE INITIATES
The study purpose was to examine the impact of providing individualized body composition information (intervention condition; n = 40) versus body weight information (standard control condition; n =
Effects of a physical activity program on post-bariatric patients: A qualitative study from a self-determination theory perspective
TLDR
An in-depth analysis of the psychosocial benefits that 10 post-bariatric patients perceived from their participation in an exercise program grounded in self-determination theory suggests that self- determination theory-based exercise programs could be designed to achieve positive outcomes in this population.
The Relationship Between Body Image and Exercise Type
TLDR
If body image, positive or negative, had any effect on what type of exercise activities an individual chose to participate in, an individual with a negative body image reported a preference for aerobic exercise while those with a positive body image preferred anaerobic exercise.
Examining the Effect of Increased Aerobic Exercise in Moderately Fit Adults on Psychological State and Cognitive Function
Regular physical exercise can decrease the risk for obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, increase life expectancy, and promote psychological health and neurocognitive functioning.
Influence of Physical Activity Interventions on Body Representation: A Systematic Review
TLDR
The reviewed studies show that the implementation of structured PIs may be efficacious in increasing individuals’ satisfaction of their own body, and thus improving their subjective body image related assessments, but there is no clear evidence regarding an additional or interactive effect of PI when implemented in conjunction with established treatments for clinical populations.
Sense of coherence as a moderator of health--related behavior of physical education teachers
TLDR
The average indicator of subjects’ health-seeking behavior indicates a need for intervention in terms of health promotion and education amongst PE teachers and indicates a positive role of the sense of coherence in adopting Prophylactic Behavior, Positive Psychological Attitudes and Health Practices.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 77 REFERENCES
Relations of Exercise, Self-Appraisal, Mood Changes and Weight Loss in Obese Women: Testing Propositions Based on Baker and Brownell’s (2000) Model
TLDR
Early incorporation of moderate exercise into weight management treatments may have considerable value beyond just energy expenditure, as it may have positive effects on sustained weight loss due to associated changes in self-appraisal and mood factors.
Exercise motivation, eating, and body image variables as predictors of weight control.
TLDR
Results highlight the importance of cognitive processes during weight control and support the notion that initial focus on diet is associated with short-term weight loss, while change in exercise-related motivational factors, with a special emphasis on intrinsic sources of motivation, play a more important role in longer term weight management.
Using self-determination theory to promote physical activity and weight control: a randomized controlled trial in women
TLDR
Results suggest that interventions grounded in SDT can be successfully implemented in the context of weight management, enhancing the internalization of more autonomous forms of behavioral regulation, and facilitating exercise adherence, while producing clinically-significant weight reduction, when compared to a control condition.
Effects of a circuit weight training program on the body images of college students.
TLDR
Even a relatively brief weight training program can produce improvements in multiple aspects of body image, and further research should investigate weight training as an adjunct to psychosocial treatments of body dissatisfaction.
The Effect of Exercise on Body Satisfaction and Self-Esteem as a Function of Gender and Age
The study investigated the relationship between amount of exercise and psychological well-being in a broadly based sample. A questionnaire assessing amount of exercise, reasons for exercise, body
Body image in obese women before, during, and after weight loss treatment.
  • G. FosterT. WaddenR. Vogt
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 1997
Body image, as measured by the Appearance Evaluation and Body Areas Satisfaction scales of the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (T.F. Cash, 1994b), was assessed in 59 obese women
Body image partially mediates the relationship between obesity and psychological distress.
TLDR
For both men and women, body-image satisfaction partially mediated the relationship between degree of overweight and depression/self-esteem.
[Obesity and body image].
TLDR
A literature review of the mutual relationship between obesity and body image shows that obese persons are dissatisfied with their body and remain dissatisfied even after having lost weight, and not all obese people have a disturbed body image to the same degree.
...
...