Examine all available evidence before making decisions on sunscreen ingredient bans.

  title={Examine all available evidence before making decisions on sunscreen ingredient bans.},
  author={Jay Sirois},
  journal={The Science of the total environment},
  • Jay Sirois
  • Published 10 April 2019
  • Medicine
  • The Science of the total environment
Reducing the prevalence of chemical UV filters from sunscreen in aquatic environments: Regulatory, public awareness, and other considerations
  • Arielle Levine
  • Environmental Science
    Integrated environmental assessment and management
  • 2021
The state of knowledge relating to regulatory and other efforts to reduce the impact of chemical ingredients in sunscreens on aquatic ecosystems is reviewed, focusing on the following questions: to what extent will local legislative restrictions on ingredients actually reduce the concentrations of chemicals in coastal waters and protect aquatic health.
Sunscreen Safety: a Review of Recent Studies on Humans and the Environment
The collective knowledge on sunscreen safety is continually evolving, with many preliminary findings, and inorganic ZnO and TiO 2 are supported by the most reassuring data at the time of writing.
A Critical Review of Organic Ultraviolet Filter Exposure, Hazard, and Risk to Corals
This review summarizes the current state of the science regarding the concentration of organic UV filters in seawater and sediment near coral reef ecosystems and in coral tissues, toxicological data from early and adult life stages of coral species, and preliminary environmental risk characterizations.
Sunscreens’ UV Filters Risk for Coastal Marine Environment Biodiversity: A Review
Considering the rapid growth of tourism in recent years and the acknowledgement that exposure to solar UV radiation may cause skin cancer, sunscreens have been widely used by beachgoers in recent
Occurrence of major organic UV filters in aquatic environments and their endocrine disruption potentials: A mini‐review
Other major organic UV filters, such as avobenzone (AVB), homosalate (HS), octisalate (OS), and octocrylene (OC), are reviewed and information on their use, environmental occurrences, and endocrine disruption effects, available to date is reviewed.
Adding insult to injury: Effects of chronic oxybenzone exposure and elevated temperature on two reef-building corals
It is suggested that oxybenzone adds insult to injury by weakening corals in the face of global warming by affecting photosystem II of coral photosymbionts and altered coral microbiome.
Controversies in Sunscreens: A Practical Approach.


Toxicological Effects of Commercial Sunscreens on Coral Reef Ecosystems: New Protocols for Coral Restoration
The primary purpose of consumer-grade sunscreen is to protect skin from harmful UVA and UVB rays. This market has grown during the past 80 years, and environmental contamination from increasing
Sunscreens Cause Coral Bleaching by Promoting Viral Infections
It is concluded that sunscreens, by promoting viral infection, potentially play an important role in coral bleaching in areas prone to high levels of recreational use by humans.
Reduced melanoma after regular sunscreen use: randomized trial follow-up.
Melanoma may be preventable by regular sunscreen use in adults, and 10 years after trial cessation, 11 new primary melanomas had been identified in the daily sunscreen group, and 22 in the discretionary group, which represented a reduction of the observed rate.
How many melanomas might be prevented if more people applied sunscreen regularly?
High‐quality epidemiological studies suggest regular sunscreen use prevents melanoma, and sunscreen prevents sunburn and protects skin cells against mutations.
Online Survey of US Dermatologists' Sunscreen Opinions: Perceptions, Recommendation Factors, and Self-Usage.
The purpose of this study was to determine US dermatologists' actual sunscreen perceptions as well as their recommendations and personal usage, and assess and understand the perspective and patient recommendations provided by dermatologists.
Toxicopathological Effects of the Sunscreen UV Filter, Oxybenzone (Benzophenone-3), on Coral Planulae and Cultured Primary Cells and Its Environmental Contamination in Hawaii and the U.S. Virgin Islands
Oxybenzone poses a hazard to coral reef conservation and threatens the resiliency of coral reefs to climate change, and is a skeletal endocrine disruptor to corals.
Sunscreen Use and Melanoma Risk Among Young Australian Adults
Evidence is provided that regular sunscreen use is significantly associated with reduced risk of cutaneous melanoma among young adults and identified several characteristics associated with less sunscreen use.
Prolonged Prevention of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Skin by Regular Sunscreen Use
Regular application of sunscreen has prolonged preventive effects on SCC but with no clear benefit in reducing BCC, according to a 4.5-year randomized controlled trial in an Australian community.