Examination of the ocean as a source for atmospheric microplastics

  title={Examination of the ocean as a source for atmospheric microplastics},
  author={Steve Allen and Deonie Allen and Kerry Moss and Ga{\"e}l Le Roux and Vernon R Phoenix and Jeroen E. Sonke},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
Global plastic litter pollution has been increasing alongside demand since plastic products gained commercial popularity in the 1930’s. Current plastic pollutant research has generally assumed that once plastics enter the ocean they are there to stay, retained permanently within the ocean currents, biota or sediment until eventual deposition on the sea floor or become washed up onto the beach. In contrast to this, we suggest it appears that some plastic particles could be leaving the sea and… Expand
A pilot study about microplastics and mesoplastics in an Antarctic glacier
Abstract. Plastics have been found in several compartments in Antarctica. However, there is currently no evidence of their presence on Antarctic glaciers. Our pilot study investigated plasticExpand
Constraining the atmospheric limb of the plastic cycle
It is shown that most atmospheric plastics are derived from the legacy production of plastics from waste that has continued to build up in the environment, underscoring the cumulative role of legacy pollution in the atmospheric burden of plastic. Expand
The occurrence and transport of microplastics: The state of the science.
A review of the state of knowledge regarding the occurrence and transport of MPs in and across three of the Earths subsystems, specifically, the lithosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere is provided to provide a valuable steppingstone for future research and researchers wishing to address MP research gaps across various environmental settings. Expand
Airborne microplastic particles detected in the remote marine atmosphere
Anthropogenic pollution from marine microplastic particles is a growing concern, both as a source of toxic compounds, and because they can transport pathogens and other pollutants. AirborneExpand
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The present review emphasizes the data limitations and knowledge gaps on the atmospheric transport and contribution of particulate plastics to the worsening of overall urban air quality and throws critical perspectives on whether atmospheric MPs pollution is trivial or an actual matter of concern. Expand
Microplastics in the atmospheric compartment: a comprehensive review on methods, results on their occurrence and determining factors
While microplastics (MPs) have been studied since the beginning of the century, their occurrence in the atmospheric compartment was only described recently. Based on 33 published papers, this workExpand
Seasonal evidences of microplastics in environmental matrices of a tourist dominated urban estuary in Gulf of Mexico, Mexico.
It is demonstrated that estuaries are a major conduit for land-derived plastics to the ocean and the results will aid in implementing remedial/clean up actions of the estuary for better conservation of the ecosystem. Expand
Influence of various production methods on the microplastic contamination of sea salt produced in Java, Indonesia
This preliminary study investigated if different solar evaporation methods influence the concentration of microplastic particles in sea salt production in Indonesia, one of the countries with the highest estimated level of plastic waste input into the ocean. Expand
A Review of Microplastics in Aquatic Sediments: Occurrence, Fate, Transport, and Ecological Impact
Purpose of Review Microplastic (MP) pollution is a global concern due to its prevalence and persistence in the environment. Aquatic sediments, particularly marine sediments, are considered as theExpand
Breeding seabirds as vectors of microplastics from sea to land: Evidence from colonies in Arctic Canada.
Estimates indicate that migratory seabirds could be contributing to the distribution and local hotspots of microplastics in Arctic environments, however, they are still likely a relatively small source of plastic pollution in terms of mass in the environment and may not contribute as much as other reported sources such as atmospheric deposition in the Arctic. Expand


Microplastics in the Ocean
  • W. Shim, R. C. Thomposon
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
  • 2015
The special issue highlights high levels of contamination in the North Pacific both on shorelines and at the sea surface and demonstrates potential for ingestion of microplastic by small planktonic organisms at the base of the food chain. Expand
Consistent transport of terrestrial microplastics to the ocean through atmosphere.
  • K. Liu, T. Wu, +4 authors Daoji Li
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Environmental science & technology
  • 2019
Observations provide field-based evidence that suspended atmospheric microplastics are an important source of microplastic pollution in the ocean, especially the pollution caused by textile microfibers. Expand
The vertical distribution and biological transport of marine microplastics across the epipelagic and mesopelagic water column
Examination of two abundant particle feeders in this ecosystem, pelagic red crabs and giant larvaceans, showed that microplastic particles readily flow from the environment into coupled water column and seafloor food webs, suggesting that one of the largest and currently underappreciated reservoirs of marine microplastics may be contained within theWater column and animal communities of the deep sea. Expand
Atmospheric transport and deposition of microplastics in a remote mountain catchment
Plastic litter is an ever-increasing global issue and one of this generation’s key environmental challenges. Microplastics have reached oceans via river transport on a global scale. With theExpand
Characteristic of microplastics in the atmospheric fallout from Dongguan city, China: preliminary research and first evidence
Dust emission and deposition between atmosphere, land surface, and aquatic environment were associated with the transportation of microplastics, and adhering particles, grooves, pits, fractures, and flakes were the common patterns of degradation. Expand
A global inventory of small floating plastic debris
Microplastic debris floating at the ocean surface can harm marine life. Understanding the severity of this harm requires knowledge of plastic abundance and distributions. Dozens of expeditionsExpand
Atmospheric microplastic over the South China Sea and East Indian Ocean: abundance, distribution and source.
The distribution of atmospheric MP abundance over the ocean based on a transoceanic survey conducted across 21 sampling transects revealed that MP undergoes long-range transport, more than 1000 km away, through the atmosphere, but atmospheric MP transmission as the main source of oceanic MP based on transoautical studies is not a plausible assumption. Expand
White and wonderful? Microplastics prevail in snow from the Alps to the Arctic
The authors detect microplastics in European and Arctic snow, highlighting the importance of atmospheric transport as a pathway for MPs and highlighting that atmospheric transport and deposition can be notable pathways for MPs meriting more research. Expand
All is not lost: Deriving a top-down mass budget of plastic at sea.
Understanding the global mass inventory is one of the main challenges in present research on plastic marine debris. Especially the fragmentation and vertical transport processes of oceanic plasticExpand
Aerosol bacteria over the Southern Ocean during ACE-1
Abstract Individual bacterial cells occur in many samples that were collected at Cape Grim, Tasmania and during the Lagrangian “B” experiment of the Aerosol Characterization Experiment 1 (ACE-1)Expand