Exactly soluble local bosonic cocycle models, statistical transmutation, and simplest time-reversal symmetric topological orders in 3+1 dimensions

  title={Exactly soluble local bosonic cocycle models, statistical transmutation, and simplest time-reversal symmetric topological orders in 3+1 dimensions},
  author={Xiao-Gang Wen},
  journal={Physical Review B},
  • X. Wen
  • Published 5 December 2016
  • Physics
  • Physical Review B
We propose a generic construction of exactly soluble \emph{local bosonic models} that realize various topological orders with gappable boundaries. In particular, we construct an exactly soluble bosonic model that realizes a 3+1D $Z_2$ gauge theory with emergent fermionic Kramer doublet. We show that the emergence of such a fermion will cause the nucleation of certain topological excitations in space-time without pin$^+$ structure. The exactly soluble model also leads to a statistical… 

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