# Exact Symbol Error Probability of Cross-QAM in AWGN and Fading Channels

@article{Zhang2010ExactSE,
title={Exact Symbol Error Probability of Cross-QAM in AWGN and Fading Channels},
author={Xichun Zhang and Hua Yu and Gang Wei},
journal={EURASIP J. Wireless Comm. and Networking},
year={2010},
volume={2010}
}
The exact symbol error probability (SEP) performance ofM-ary cross quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) in additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel and fading channels, including Rayleigh, Nakagami-m, Rice, and Nakagami-q (Hoyt) channels, is analyzed. The obtained closed-form SEP expressions contain a finite (in proportion to √ M) sum of single integrals with finite limits and an integrand composed of elementary (exponential, trigonometric, and/or power) functions, thus readily enabling… CONTINUE READING