Evolving ideals of male body image as seen through action toys.

@article{Pope1999EvolvingIO,
  title={Evolving ideals of male body image as seen through action toys.},
  author={H. Pope and R. Olivardia and A. Gruber and J. Borowiecki},
  journal={The International journal of eating disorders},
  year={1999},
  volume={26 1},
  pages={
          65-72
        }
}
OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that the physiques of male action toys--small plastic figures used by children in play--would provide some index of evolving American cultural ideals of male body image. METHOD We obtained examples of the most popular American action toys manufactured over the last 30 years. We then measured the waist, chest, and bicep circumference of each figure and scaled these measurements using classical allometry to the height of an actual man (1.78 m). RESULTS We found that… Expand
538 Citations

Paper Mentions

Interventional Clinical Trial
While eating disorders in males are often overlooked, up to 7 million men in the United States will experience an Eating Disorder in their lifetime. Critically, men are less likely… Expand
ConditionsBody Image Disturbance, Dysmorphia, Eating Disorders, (+1 more)
InterventionBehavioral
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