Evolutionary paleoecology: recent contributions to evolutionary theory

@article{Kitchell1985EvolutionaryPR,
  title={Evolutionary paleoecology: recent contributions to evolutionary theory},
  author={Jennifer A. Kitchell},
  journal={Paleobiology},
  year={1985},
  volume={11},
  pages={91 - 104}
}
  • J. A. Kitchell
  • Published 1985
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • Paleobiology
In the past decade, evolutionary paleoecology has shifted away from corroborative research of the “me-too-ecology” type toward its proper domain—the evolutionary consequences of ecological properties, roles, and strategies at the individual, population, community, and species levels. The science of evolutionary paleoecology tests for linkage between a species' ecology and its macroevolutionary history. Do the ecological characters of species within clades influence differential rate dynamics… 

Taxic evolutionary paleoecology and the ecological context of macroevolutionary change

Viewing allopatric speciation explicitly as a three-stage process clarifies testing of the role of ecology in speciation and may redirect clade-specific evolutionary paleoecology towards more enlightening interaction with other areas of macroevolutionary study.

COMBINING MORPHOMETRIC AND PALEOECOLOGICAL ANALYSES : EXAMINING SMALL-SCALE DYNAMICS IN SPECIES-LEVEL AND COMMUNITY-LEVEL EVOLUTION

By combining two powerful types of quantitative techniques—landmark morphometric and paleocommunity analyses—we can examine the role of ecology in evolutionary processes by determining whether major

Inferring biome associations of recent mammals from samples of temperate and tropical faunas: Paleoecological considerations

The degree to which incomplete sampling of four well‐known small mammal faunas gives rise to uncertainty concerning the biome association of each site is examined using neontological data from two tropical and two temperate areas.

Iterative evolution of hypercarnivory in canids (Mammalia: Carnivora): evolutionary interactions among sympatric predators

It is suggested that the iterative pattern of specialization of the lower molars for meat-slicing that is seen in all families of carnivores, past and present, is probably a result of intraspecific competition for food, perhaps among littermates.

Iterative evolution of hypercarnivory in canids (Mammalia: Carnivora): evolutionary interactions among sympatric predators

Convergent evolution of hypercarnivorous adaptations in canids has occurred a number of times in the last 40 m.y. among distantly related taxa. The adaptations include an increase in carnassial blade

Comparing palynological abundance and diversity: implications for biotic replacement during the Cretaceous angiosperm radiation

Analysis of an updated and expanded database of North American palynological samples from Cretaceous sediments document a rapid increase in angiosperm diversity and abundance within individual fossil palynofloras (represent- ing local/subregional vegetation).

Trilobite paleobiology: Past, present, and future

The first major international trilobite conference (which also dealt with related arthropod groups) was convened by David Bruton in Oslo in 1973. That meeting resulted in a 467 page proceedings

Testing the Role of Cursorial Specializations as Adaptive Key Innovations in Paleocene-Eocene Ungulates of North America

  • F. Gould
  • Geography
    Journal of Mammalian Evolution
  • 2016
A quantitative geometric morphometric analysis of distal femoral articular morphology was used to examine changes in locomotor specializations in North American ungulates across the Paleocene-Eocene boundary, and “Condylarths” were found to have displayed a broad range of locomotor adaptions, including cursoriality.

POLLINATION SYSTEMS, DISPERSAL MODES, LIFE FORMS, AND DIVERSIFICATION RATES IN ANGIOSPERM FAMILIES

  • O. ErikssonB. Bremer
  • Environmental Science
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1992
An important aspect of evolution in higher order taxa, such as mammals, molluscs, and plants, is the rate of diversification (R), and several authors have suggested reproductive and life form features associated with high diversification rates among angiosperms.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 153 REFERENCES

Pattern and process in paleobiology: the role of cladistic analysis in systematic paleontology

Systematics and paleontology have had a long conceptual relationship, united by the common goal of reconstructing the history of life. Yet, with few exceptions, paleontologists have had little input

The promise of paleobiology as a nomothetic, evolutionary discipline

The formulation, by paleobiologists and with paleobiological data, of new macroevolutionary theories should end the subservience of passive transfer and contribute to the formulation of a new, general theory of evolution that recognizes hierarchy and permits a set of unifying principles to work differently at various levels.

Chapter 7 Trends, Rates, and Patterns of Evolution in the Bivalvia

On Paleoecology: An Attempt to Impose Order on Chaos

  • R. Paine
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Paleobiology
  • 1983
Natural communities are dynamic, multispecific assemblages sharing a common physical environment. Their members exchange mate­ rials, compete with and even destroy one another, and thus create "new"

Character Displacement in Evolutionary Time

In an example involving the coincident 10 million-year histories of two congeneric species of Devonian trilobites, the one known instance of sympatry reveals marked divergent shifts in one species and a "mixed” reaction of convergent, divergent, and neutral shifts in the other species.

CHARACTER DISPLACEMENT IN THE RADIOLARIAN GENUS, EUCYRTIDIUM

  • D. Kellogg
  • Biology
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1975
Character displacement is the accentuation of morphological, ecological, or behavioral differences between two newly differentiated cognate species in the region of their secondary geographical

Paleoecology and Paleo Environments

Paleoecology derives from the application of ecological principles to paleontological material. Paleoecology courses are commonly taught to undergraduates in geology and typically contain subject

MACROEVOLUTION AND THE FOSSIL RECORD

  • S. Stanley
  • Biology
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1982
New evidence is described that strengthens the verdict of the test of adaptive radiation in favor of the punctuational model, which is motivated by statements of earlier workers that the fossil record's testimony is equivocal.

A kinetic model of Phanerozoic taxonomic diversity II. Early Phanerozoic families and multiple equilibria

  • J. Sepkoski
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Paleobiology
  • 1979
The kinetic model of taxonomic diversity predicts that the long-term diversification of taxa within any large and essentially closed ecological system should approximate a logistic process controlled

Diversification, Faunal Change, and Community Replacement during the Ordovician Radiations

The Ordovician evolutionary radiations represent a major pivotal point in the history of life on earth. During the few tens of million years between the ends of the Cambrian and Ordovician Periods,
...