Evolutionary origins and ecological consequences of endophyte symbiosis with grasses.

@article{Clay2002EvolutionaryOA,
  title={Evolutionary origins and ecological consequences of endophyte symbiosis with grasses.},
  author={Keith Clay and Christopher L. Schardl},
  journal={The American naturalist},
  year={2002},
  volume={160 Suppl 4},
  pages={S99-S127}
}
Over the past 20 yr much has been learned about a unique symbiotic interaction between fungal endophytes and grasses. The fungi (Clavicipitaceae, Ascomycota) grow intercellularly and systemically in aboveground plant parts. Vertically transmitted asexual endophytes forming asymptomatic infections of cool-season grasses have been repeatedly derived from sexual species that abort host inflorescences. The phylogenetic distribution of seed-transmitted endophytes is strongly suggestive of… CONTINUE READING
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