Evolutionary escalation: the bat–moth arms race

  title={Evolutionary escalation: the bat–moth arms race},
  author={Hannah M. ter Hofstede and John M. Ratcliffe},
  journal={Journal of Experimental Biology},
  pages={1589 - 1602}
ABSTRACT Echolocation in bats and high-frequency hearing in their insect prey make bats and insects an ideal system for studying the sensory ecology and neuroethology of predator–prey interactions. Here, we review the evolutionary history of bats and eared insects, focusing on the insect order Lepidoptera, and consider the evidence for antipredator adaptations and predator counter-adaptations. Ears evolved in a remarkable number of body locations across insects, with the original selection… 

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