Evolutionary constraint and ecological consequences.

@article{Futuyma2010EvolutionaryCA,
  title={Evolutionary constraint and ecological consequences.},
  author={Douglas J. Futuyma},
  journal={Evolution; international journal of organic evolution},
  year={2010},
  volume={64 7},
  pages={1865-84}
}
One of the most important shifts in evolutionary biology in the past 50 years is an increased recognition of sluggish evolution and failures to adapt, which seem paradoxical in view of abundant genetic variation and many instances of rapid local adaptation. I review hypotheses of evolutionary constraint (or restraint), and suggest that although constraints on individual characters or character complexes may often reside in the structure or paucity of genetic variation, organism-wide stasis, as… CONTINUE READING
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