Evolutionary biology: A kingdom revised

  title={Evolutionary biology: A kingdom revised},
  author={Thomas D. Bruns},
  • T. Bruns
  • Published 19 October 2006
  • Biology
  • Nature
An international consortium of researchers has produced an impressive new tree of life for the kingdom Fungi. The results are a testament to cooperation between systematists with different expertise.First fungiThe AFTOL (Assembling the Fungal Tree of Life) project was established to put the taxonomic record straight. Fungi are one of the major kingdoms of life, yet little is known about their evolution, largely because of their small size and poor fossil record. Now AFTOL mycologists have… 
Assessment of Fungal Diversity in the Environment using Metagenomics: a Decade in Review
The main advances in the study of fungal diversity are described, statistics of the main metagenomic databases with regard to the representativeness ofFungal phyla are presented, and the future directions in this field are discussed.
12 Ecological Genomics of Mycotrophic Fungi
This chapter focuses on the most recent reports on genome-wide investigations of mycotrophic fungi and reveals unique features that are present in intracellular mycoparasitic Cryptomycota and outline similar and apparently convergent mechanisms employed by a diversity of fungicolous Asco- and BasidiomycOTA.
Molecular evidence that deep-branching fungi are major fungal components in deep-sea methane cold-seep sediments.
The fungi of the Dikarya may play a role in the biodegradation of lignin and lignIn-derived materials in deep-sea, because the characterized fungal species related to the frequent phylotypes within the Dkarya have been reported to possess an ability to degrade lign in.
Comparative epidemiology of zoosporic plant pathogens
This review considers hybridisation events between Phytophthora species, long distance dispersal of oomycetes, sporangia and zoospore survival, direct and indirect infection processes and newly observed sporulating structures for an understanding of the epidemiology of zoosporic plant pathogens.
Taxonomy and Phylogeny of Unicellular Eukaryotes
The choice was to select a part of high-level taxa, likely to illustrate the amazing diversity of eukaryotes, and some traits are recurrently tackled topics, e.g. the chloroplast structure and the photosynthesis pigments, the kinetic apparatus and the cell wall.
Environmental and Microbial Relationships
Life History and Genetic Strategies 1 Evolutionary ecology of the first fungi J.H. Andrews and R.F. Harris and Applications of fungal ecology in the search for new bioactive fungal products J.J.D. Dighton.
Biology of Marine Fungi
  • C. Raghukumar
  • Environmental Science
    Progress in Molecular and Subcellular Biology
  • 2012
Thraustochytrids may represent a food source for several benthic microorganisms and animals and may be involved in the upgrading of nutrient-poor organic detritus and their capacity to produce a wide spectrum of enzymes suggests a substantial role in sedimentary organic decomposition.
megB1, a Novel Macroevolutionary Genomic Marker of the Fungal Phylum Basidiomycota
The results suggest that megB1 may have emerged upon the occurrence of Basidiomycota, and that this phylum evolved thereafter leaving this element conserved throughout their further differentiation.
Cultured and uncultured fungal diversity in deep-sea environments.
This chapter discusses current scientific findings on the fungal diversity in several deep-sea environments by conventional culture and culture-independent methods, and reveals the presence of highly novel fungal phylotypes.


Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny
It is indicated that there may have been at least four independent losses of the flagellum in the kingdom Fungi, and the enigmatic microsporidia seem to be derived from an endoparasitic chytrid ancestor similar to Rozella allomycis, on the earliest diverging branch of the fungal phylogenetic tree.
The beetle gut: a hyperdiverse source of novel yeasts.
The distribution suggests that the some of the yeasts diversified by a process of horizontal transmission in the habitats and subsequent specialization in association with insect hosts, leading to high yeast diversity in a previously unexplored habitat.
The earliest angiosperms: evidence from mitochondrial, plastid and nuclear genomes
This study demonstrates that Amboreella, Nymphaeales and Illiciales-Trimeniaceae-Austrobaileya represent the first stage of angiosperm evolution, with Amborella being sister to all other angiosperms, and shows that Gnetales are related to the conifers and are not sister to the angios perms, thus refuting the Anthophyte Hypothesis.
Microsporidia are related to Fungi: evidence from the largest subunit of RNA polymerase II and other proteins.
Phylogenetic analyses of RPB1 sequences strongly support the notion that Microsporidia are not early-diverging eukaryotes but instead are specifically related to Fungi, and reexamination of elongation factors EF-1alpha and EF-2 sequence data show support for an early (Archezoan) divergence of these amitochondriate protists to be weak and likely caused by artifacts in phylogenetic analyses.
Seasonal Dynamics of Previously Unknown Fungal Lineages in Tundra Soils
It is shown that tundra soil microbial biomass reaches its annual peak under snow, and that fungi account for most of the biomass.
The magnitude of fungal diversity: the 1.5 million species estimate revisited * * Paper presented at
The consensus of tropical and molecular mycologists in particular is that an increased estimate could be justified, however, it is prudent to retain 1‐5 M as the current working hypothesis for the number of fungi on Earth while additional data to test it further accumulates.
Origins of microsporidia.
Mesopor. Mater
  • Mesopor. Mater
  • 2004
10. www.hypotheticalzeolites
  • 10. www.hypotheticalzeolites
Chem. Int. Edn
  • Chem. Int. Edn
  • 2006