Evolutionary Response to Rapid Climate Change

  title={Evolutionary Response to Rapid Climate Change},
  author={William Bradshaw and Christina M. Holzapfel},
  pages={1477 - 1478}
Recent, rapid climate change is driving evolution, as organisms adapt to altered seasonal events rather than to the direct effects of increasing temperature. 

Climate change-driven species' range shifts filtered by photoperiodism

The importance of adaptations to day length in predicting the latitudinal range shifts of different species under global warming is highlighted.

Extrinsic and intrinsic forcing of abrupt ecological change: case studies from the late Quaternary

1. Abrupt changes and regime shifts are common phenomena in terrestrial ecological records spanning centuries to millennia, thus offering a rich opportunity to study the patterns and drivers of

Measuring evolutionary responses to global warming: cautionary lessons from Drosophila

Abstract.  1. Understanding evolutionary responses to global climate warming can be dauntingly complex. But, primarily, it requires careful quantification of rates of temporal change of biomonitors.

Coevolution and the Effects of Climate Change on Interacting Species

The effects on survival of species-species interaction in the face of a changing climate depend on whether the species' interests are conflicting or non-conflicting.

How climate change affects the seasonal ecology of insect parasitoids

Modifications in winter conditions may disrupt the seasonal phenology patterns of organisms, modify the synchrony of closely interacting species and lead to unpredictable outcomes at different ecological scales.

Pathways to link biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: from monitoring to complex ecological interactions studies

Abstract Environmental changes have been rapidly increasing in the last decades, causing unprecedented shifts in biodiversity. The impacts of biodiversity changes on ecosystem processes depend on t...

Towards an Integrated Framework for Assessing the Vulnerability of Species to Climate Change

A novel integrated framework to assess vulnerability and prioritize research and management action aims to improve the ability to respond to this emerging crisis.

Assessing rapid evolution in a changing environment.

Biological buffers and the impacts of climate change.

This article is based on a report originally published on BBC Radio 4's Today programme on 7 May 2016 and has been edited for length and clarity by the BBC.

Predicting and measuring the impacts of climate change and habitat loss on Southeast Asian and Australian birds

Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 2012.

Biological consequences of global warming: is the signal already apparent?

  • Hughes
  • Environmental Science
    Trends in ecology & evolution
  • 2000

Ecological responses to recent climate change

A review of the ecological impacts of recent climate change exposes a coherent pattern of ecological change across systems, from polar terrestrial to tropical marine environments.

Genetic shift in photoperiodic response correlated with global warming

  • W. BradshawC. Holzapfel
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2001
Over the last 30 years, the genetically controlled photoperiodic response of the pitcher-plant mosquito, Wyeomyia smithii, has shifted toward shorter, more southern daylengths as growing seasons have become longer.

Keeping Pace with Fast Climate Change: Can Arctic Life Count on Evolution?1

The conclusion is that evolution by natural selection is a pertinent force to consider even at the time scale of contemporary climate changes, however, all species may not be equal in their capacity to benefit from contemporary evolution.

Rapid micro-evolution and loss of chromosomal diversity in Drosophila in response to climate warming

Observations suggest that the population of Drosophila subobscura is rapidly evolving in response to the new environmental conditions, and has lost a significant amount of chromosomal diversity.

A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems

A diagnostic fingerprint of temporal and spatial ‘sign-switching’ responses uniquely predicted by twentieth century climate trends is defined and generates ‘very high confidence’ (as laid down by the IPCC) that climate change is already affecting living systems.

Climate change 2001 : the scientific basis

Summary for policymakers Technical summary 1. The climate system - an overview 2. Observed climate variability and change 3. The carbon cycle and atmospheric CO2 4. Atmospheric chemistry and

Extinction risk from climate change

Estimates of extinction risks for sample regions that cover some 20% of the Earth's terrestrial surface show the importance of rapid implementation of technologies to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and strategies for carbon sequestration.

Thermal tolerance, climatic variability and latitude

Findings for insects based on published upper and lower lethal temperature data provide some support for the physiological tolerance assumption associated with Rapoport's rule, but highlight the need for coupled data on species tolerances and range size.

Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plants

A consistent temperature-related shift is revealed in species ranging from molluscs to mammals and from grasses to trees, suggesting that a significant impact of global warming is already discernible in animal and plant populations.