Evolutionary Origins and Ecological Consequences of Endophyte Symbiosis with Grasses

@article{Clay2002EvolutionaryOA,
  title={Evolutionary Origins and Ecological Consequences of Endophyte Symbiosis with Grasses},
  author={Keith Clay and Christopher L. Schardl},
  journal={The American Naturalist},
  year={2002},
  volume={160},
  pages={S99 - S127}
}
Over the past 20 yr much has been learned about a unique symbiotic interaction between fungal endophytes and grasses. The fungi (Clavicipitaceae, Ascomycota) grow intercellularly and systemically in aboveground plant parts. Vertically transmitted asexual endophytes forming asymptomatic infections of cool‐season grasses have been repeatedly derived from sexual species that abort host inflorescences. The phylogenetic distribution of seed‐transmitted endophytes is strongly suggestive of… 
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TLDR
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TLDR
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With future research, vertically transmitted fungi from diverse clades with narrow host ranges and that produce bioactive compounds are likely to be found as important mutualists in additional plants.
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TLDR
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