Evolutionary Adaptation

  title={Evolutionary Adaptation},
  author={Conrad Hal Waddington},
  journal={Perspectives in Biology and Medicine},
  pages={379 - 401}
  • C. Waddington
  • Published 1959
  • Medicine
  • Perspectives in Biology and Medicine

Figures and Topics from this paper

Experimental evolution in fluctuating environments: tolerance measurements at constant temperatures incorrectly predict the ability to tolerate fluctuating temperatures
Using bacterial clones adapted to constant or fluctuating temperatures, it is found that measurements across a range of constant temperatures did not indicate any adaptation to fluctuate temperatures, and tolerance curves based on measurements in constant environments can be misleading in predicting the ability to tolerate fast environmental fluctuations. Expand
Membrane lipid physiology and toxin catabolism underlie ethanol and acetic acid tolerance in Drosophila melanogaster
New candidate genes underlying toxin tolerance and membrane adaptation to temperature in Drosophila are revealed and insight is provided into how interactions between these phenotypes may underlie the maintenance of latitudinal clines in ethanol tolerance. Expand
Ultraviolet as a component of flower reflections, and the colour perception of hymenoptera
It is shown that flower colours fall into distinct clusters in the colour space of a bee, and it is demonstrated that this clustering is caused by a limited variability in the floral spectral reflectance curves. Expand
A General LSTM-based Deep Learning Method for Estimating Neuronal Models and Inferring Neural Circuitry
A Long Short-Term Memory-based deep learning method, General Neural Estimator (GNE), to fully automate the parameter tuning procedure, which can be directly applied to both single neuronal models and large-scale neural circuits. Expand
A framework for understanding gene expression plasticity and its influence on stress tolerance
A conceptual framework to guide interpretation of gene expression reaction norms in the context of stress tolerance is presented and corals is highlighted as a case study to demonstrate the value of this framework for non‐model systems. Expand
Leveraging Pseudomonas Stress Response Mechanisms for Industrial Applications
Mechanisms of survival are grouped by the type of inducing stress with a focus on adaptations such as synthesis of protective substances, biofilm formation, entering a non-culturable state, enlisting chaperones, transcription and translation regulation, and altering membrane composition. Expand
Settlers of our inner surface – factors shaping the gut microbiota from birth to toddlerhood
A microbial ecology perspective is taken on the analysis of factors that influence the temporal development of the infant gut microbiota, which include sources of microbes that seed the intestinal environment, physico-chemical conditions influencing microbial growth, and the availability of nutrients needed by the intestinal microbes. Expand
Thermal Sensitivity of Heat Sensor TRPA1 Correlates With Temperatures Inducing Heat Avoidance Behavior in Terrestrial Ectotherms
Temperature is an essential environmental factor that controls an organism’s performances. As ectothermic animals largely rely on external heat sources for adjusting their body temperature, thermalExpand
Insights into the reason of Human-Residential Bifidobacteria (HRB) being the natural inhabitants of the human gut and their potential health-promoting benefits
The biology of bifidobacteria as members of the human gut microbiota is provided and some of the important genetic attributes and core physiological traits of these bacteria that may explain their adaptive advantages, ecological fitness, and competitiveness in the human Gut are highlighted. Expand
Temperature affects the repeatability of evolution in the microbial eukaryote Tetrahymena thermophila
To better understand the role of temperature in determining the repeatability of adaptive trajectories, populations of different genotypes of the ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila are evolved at low and high temperatures and changes in growth rate are followed over 4,000 generations. Expand