Evolution on ecological time‐scales

  title={Evolution on ecological time‐scales},
  author={Scott P Carroll and Andrew P. Hendry and David N. Reznick and Charles W. Fox},
  journal={Functional Ecology},
Summary 1Ecologically significant evolutionary change, occurring over tens of generations or fewer, is now widely documented in nature. These findings counter the long-standing assumption that ecological and evolutionary processes occur on different time-scales, and thus that the study of ecological processes can safely assume evolutionary stasis. Recognition that substantial evolution occurs on ecological time-scales dissolves this dichotomy and provides new opportunities for integrative… 
Eco-evolutionary dynamics. Experiments in a model system
Eco-evolutionary Model of Rapid Phenotypic Diversification in Species-Rich Communities
A model of a community of organisms of different but similar species evolving in time through mechanisms of birth, competition, sexual reproduction, descent with modification, and death provides a rationalization for the emergence of rapid phenotypic diversification in species-rich communities.
Eco-evolutionary dynamics in a disturbed world: implications for the maintenance of ecological networks
  • N. Loeuille
  • Environmental Science, Biology
  • 2019
This article discusses how species (co)evolution in such a network context may alter the understanding and predictions for species coexistence, given the disturbed world the authors live in and particularly focuses on how evolution modifies indirect effects in ecological networks.
Eco-evolutionary dynamics
This special feature about ‘eco-evolutionary dynamics’ brings together biologists from empirical and theoretical backgrounds to bridge the gap between ecology and evolution and provide a series of contributions aimed at quantifying the interactions between these fundamental processes.
Eco‐evolutionary dynamics in a changing world
  • I. Hanski
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 2012
This review is concerned with spatial eco‐evolutionary dynamics with a focus on the occurrence of species in marginal habitats and on metapopulations inhabiting heterogeneous environments.
Form of an evolutionary tradeoff affects eco-evolutionary dynamics in a predator–prey system
The results suggest that knowing the details of heritable trait variation and covariation within a population is essential for understanding how evolution and ecology will interact and what form of eco-evolutionary dynamics will result.
Coexistence in a variable environment: eco-evolutionary perspectives.
Where am I and why? Synthesizing range biology and the eco-evolutionary dynamics of dispersal
The metapopulation concept is used to develop a framework that synthesizes current knowledge on range biology and the eco-evolutionary dynamics of dispersal, and highlights the complex interrelations and feedbacks between ecological and evolutionary forces that shape dispersal and result in non-trivial and partially counter-intuitive range dynamics.
Recent evolutionary history predicts population but not ecosystem‐level patterns
Assessment of Trinidadian guppies in experimental outdoor mesocosms to assess how populations with different recent evolutionary histories responded to a scenario of severe population size reduction followed by expansion in a high‐quality environment found evolutionary history consistently predicted variation in individual growth.


Rapid evolution and the convergence of ecological and evolutionary time
This work proposes that rapid evolution be defined as a genetic change occurring rapidly enough to have a measurable impact on simultaneous ecological change, and proposes a framework for decomposing rates of ecological change into components driven by simultaneous evolutionary change and by change in a non-evolutionary factor.
Eco-evolutionary conservation biology: contemporary evolution and the dynamics of persistence
An eco-evolutionary perspective suggests that the focus is expanded beyond the acute problems of threatened populations and growing invasions, to consider how contemporary evolutionary mechanics contribute to such problems in the first place or affect their resolution.
Eco‐evolutionary dynamics of communities and ecosystems
The few empirical studies on community dynamics that explicitly considered evolutionary processes support the view that evolutionary and ecological dynamics often occur on similar time-scales, and that they co-determine the dynamical behaviour of ecological communities.
Maternal effects and evolution at ecological time‐scales
The need for empirical work to quantify the associations between maternal and offspring phenotype and genotype, and the suite of selection pressures generated by maternal effects, is emphasized, as well as the relationship between maternal effects and environmental variation.
The speed of ecological speciation.
This work explores the possibility that reproductive isolation can evolve on ecological time-scales within dozens of generations, in theory and in nature, and examines few relevant studies.
Contemporary evolution meets conservation biology
The multifarious effects of dispersal and gene flow on contemporary adaptation
It is suggested that an intermediate level of gene flow will allow the greatest adaptive divergence, owing to genetic/demographic rescue and ‘reinforcement’ and once a certain level of dispersal is reached, it is predicted that a further increase may have negative effects on adaptive divergence.
Facing change: forms and foundations of contemporary adaptation to biotic invasions
The authors' studies of North American and Australian soapberry bugs on nonindigenous plants demonstrate both diversifying and homogenizing contemporary evolution, suggesting an enhanced capacity of native communities to provide adaptive biological control of invasive species.
Managing microevolution: restoration in the face of global change
The genetic and demographic properties that influence the ability of populations to adapt to rapidly changing selective pressures are reviewed and ways in which restoration biologists can manipulate the genetic architecture of target populations to increase their ability to adaptto changing conditions are suggested.