Evolution of the hymenopteran megaradiation.

  title={Evolution of the hymenopteran megaradiation.},
  author={John M. Heraty and Fredrik Ronquist and James M. Carpenter and David L Hawks and Susanne Schulmeister and Ashley P. G. Dowling and Debra Murray and James B. Munro and Ward C. Wheeler and Nathan M. Schiff and Michael J. Sharkey},
  journal={Molecular phylogenetics and evolution},
  volume={60 1},

Mitochondrial phylogenomics of the Hymenoptera.

Evolutionary History of the Hymenoptera

A Molecular Phylogeny of the Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera)

This first comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of the superfamily Chalcidoidea based on a molecular analysis of 18S and 28S ribosomal gene regions for 19 families, 72 subfamilies, 343 genera and 649 species finds no impact of alignment method, and few but substantial differences between likelihood and parsimony approaches.

The Hymenopteran Tree of Life: Evidence from Protein-Coding Genes and Objectively Aligned Ribosomal Data

The 18S and 28S data are reanalyzed using an objective and a semi-objective alignment approach, based on MAFFT and BAli-Phy, respectively, to provide independent confirmation of several earlier results, and confirm that Aculeata are nested within a paraphyletic Evaniomorpha, but cast doubt on the monophyly of Evanioidea.

Phylogeny and divergence estimates for the gasteruptiid wasps (Hymenoptera : Evanioidea) reveals a correlation with hosts

The results indicate that Evanioidea diverged during the late Jurassic at 151.3 (171.99–136.15) Ma with Evaniidae during the early Cretaceous at 137.33 (140.86–133.67) Ma, and Gasterupti Families during the Palaeocene at 60.23 (83.78–40.02) Ma.

Phylogeny of the subfamilies of Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera)

A combined morphological and molecular phylogenetic analysis was performed to evaluate the subfamily relationships of the parasitoid wasp family Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) and it was concluded that the molecular characters produced results that were relatively consistent with traditional, non-phylogenetic concepts of relationships between the ichneumonid subfamilies.

Phylogenetic relationships among superfamilies of Hymenoptera

The first comprehensive analysis of higher‐level phylogeny of the order Hymenoptera is presented and all currently recognized superfamilies are supported as monophyletic.

Phylogeny of the symphytan grade of Hymenoptera: new pieces into the old jigsaw(fly) puzzle

  • T. MalmT. Nyman
  • Biology
    Cladistics : the international journal of the Willi Hennig Society
  • 2015
A well supported phylogenetic structure is recovered for these early herbivorous hymenopteran clades, with new information regarding the monophyly of Xyelidae, the placement of the superfamily Pamphilioidea as sister to Tenthredinoidea + Unicalcarida, and the interrelationships among the tenthredinoid families Tenthredinidae, Cimbicidae, and Diprionidae.

Morphological phylogenetics of the Tenthredinidae (Insecta : Hymenoptera)

The cladistic analyses confirm the monophyly of the Tenthredinoidea and fail to consistently retrieve any of the six currently recognised subfamilies within Tenthredinidae, although core clades of Heterarthrinae, Nematinae, Selandriinae and Tenthred ininae are often supported.



Molecular analyses of the Apocrita (Insecta: Hymenoptera) suggest that the Chalcidoidea are sister to the diaprioid complex

This study reports that ingroup topology was sensitive to the choice of outgroup, the method of phylogenetic analysis, and inclusion of 18S data, and suggests the Chalcidoidea + (Diapriidae + Monomachidae + Maamingidae) relationship is more likely.

Molecular phylogeny of the apocritan wasps: the Proctotrupomorpha and Evaniomorpha

Phylogenetic relationships among the apocritan wasps were investigated using comparative sequence data from the mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene, and relationships that were not sensitive to the alignment procedure are discussed.

Expressed sequence tags reveal Proctotrupomorpha (minus Chalcidoidea) as sister to Aculeata (Hymenoptera: Insecta).

Revision of the Agathidinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) with comparisons of static and dynamic alignments

The phylogeny of the Agathidinae (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Braconidae) is investigated based on morphological and sequence data from the D2–3 regions of 28S rDNA and support is substantial for the tribes Cremnoptini and Disophrini and Earinini but equivocal for the Agathonini s.l.

Phylogeny of the Hymenoptera: A cladistic reanalysis of Rasnitsyn’s (1988) data

A character matrix for fossil and recent hymenopterans is derived and it is shown that there is little support for Rasnitsyn’s biphyletic hypothesis, postulating a sister‐group relationship between tenthredinoids and macroxyelines, and the data favour the conventional view that Hymenoptera excluding the Xyelidae are monophyletic.

Phylogeny and classification of the extant basal lineages of the Hymenoptera (Insecta)

The phylogeny of the basal hymenopteran lineages, including representatives of all «symphytan» families, is analysed and it is proposed to elevate the Anaxyelidae and the Xiphydriida both to superfamily status.

The origins of species richness in the Hymenoptera: insights from a family-level supertree

A family-level phylogeny of the Hymenoptera is assembled using supertree methods to suggest that numerous phylogenetically distinctive radiations contribute to the richness of large clades and suggest that evolutionary events restricting the subsequent richness ofLarge clades are common.

Simultaneous analysis of basal Hymenoptera (Insecta): introducing robust-choice sensitivity analysis

The relationships among superfamilies largely confirm previous hypotheses, and the relationships within Tenthredinoidea s.l. proposed here are novel: ({Argidae Pergidae}[Athalia{(Diprionidae Cimbicidae) Tenthredinidae minus Athalia}]).

The phylogeny of lower Hymenoptera (Insecta), with a summary of the early evolutionary history of the order

The phylogeny proposed here supports the hypothesis that the appearance of parasitism in the Hymenoptera took place in the common ancestor of Orussidae + Apocrita, the host of which was probably wood boring insect larvae.

Phylogeny and behaviour of the Gollumiellinae, a new subfamily of the ant‐parasitic Eucharitidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea)

The molecular phylogeny contradicts previous morphological hypotheses, in which Gollumiella and Anorasema are within Eucharitini, and suggests that very distinct traits such as the fusion of the pronotum and prepectus in adults and the Fusion of the first two tergites of the planidia are convergent apomorphies.